Document Type : SPECIAL ISSUE


1 Research Center for Sustainable Production System and Life Cycle Assessment, National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia

2 Research Center for Animal Husbandry, Research Organization for Agriculture and Food, National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia

3 Department of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries, Karanganyar District, Central Java, Indonesia

4 Research Center for Environmental and Clean Technology, National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia

5 Research Center for Food Crops, National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Substantial quantities of livestock waste and organic pollutants, such as nitrogen and phosphate, which pose environmental risks are generated from agriculture activities. A combination of paunch manure and rice straw is used as organic fertilizer. Therefore, this study confirmed sustainability of organic fertilizer from paunch manure and rice straw waste.
METHODS: Data were collected through focus group discussions and the closure of questionnaires which contained 29 attributes related to environmental, economic, social, and technological dimensions. The data collected was analyzed using the Multidimensional Scaling method, Rapfish software, and Monte Carlo analysis to ascertain the level of sustainability status and leverage attributes, and examine scoring errors and variations.
RESULTS: Sustainability index for organic fertilizer production was 74.55 percent. The result showed that the method contributed to the growth of sustainability in various operational phases, including the processing and commercialization of organic fertilizer. According to analysis of the four dimensions, the environmental dimension held the highest leverage value at 90.1 percent, followed by social, economical, and technological dimensions at 70.50 percent, 63.69 percent, and 73.93 percent, respectively. This study identified seven leverage attributes that are very influential to sustainability of organic fertilizer production. These include water use and raw material efficiency, potential business scale increase, market absorption, the potential for public unrest, the manager or worker level of expertise in the manufacture of organic fertilizer as well as the process used to determine its quality and output.
CONCLUSION: The proposed inquiry conducted within the context of this study identified the pivotal factors that influenced organic fertilizer supply framework as the quality, quantity, and market absorption of organic production. As a result, the o use of agricultural waste as a valuable addition to a perfect social, economical, and technological development system needs to be encouraged. The study is significant because it offered information about the viability of producing organic fertilizer in Indonesia, which the government and other stakeholders may use to guide their policies and programs.

Graphical Abstract

Sustainability index analysis of organic fertilizer production from paunch manure and rice straw waste


  • Organic fertilizer production sustainability is influenced by the high value of environmental, social, economic, and technological dimensions;
  • Organic fertilizer production from paunch manure and rice straw waste has a good sustainability index of 74.55%;
  • There are 7 leverage attributes that are influential to sustainability of organic fertilizer production, i.e., efficiency or water use and raw material, potential business scale increase, market absorption, potential for public unrest, the knowledge level of manager/worker organic fertilizer production, and the method to the quality and quantity of organic fertilizer production.


Main Subjects


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