Document Type : REVIEW PAPER


The Food and Environment Research Agency, Sand Hutton, York YO41 1LZ, UK


Very little information exists in regards to the control options available for potato flea beetles, Epitrix spp. This short review covers both chemical and ecological options currently available for control of Epitrix spp. Synthetic pyrethroids are the weapon of choice for the beetles. However, the impetus in integrated pest management is to do timely (early-season) applications with something harsh which will give long-term protection at a time when there are not a lot of beneficials in the field. Finding the balance for control of Epitrix spp. is proving difficult.


Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada., (2005). Crop Profile for Potato in Canada, Report prepared by Pesticide Risk Reduct ion Program, Pest Management Cent re, Agriculture and Agri -Food Canada 67pp. ht tp://dsppsd. pwgs c.gc .c a/ col lec t ion_ 20 09 /agr /A11 8-10 -22-2005E.pdf
Ambrosino, M., (2008). Flea beetle pest management for organic potatoes. EM 8947-E. OSPUD – Oregon State Univers i ty Extension Service, January. ht tp:/ / em8947-e.pdf [accessed on 29 March 2011].
Antonelli , A.L. ; Davidson, R. M. , (2001). Potato flea beetles: biology and control. Insect answers. Extension Bulletin 1198E, Cooperative Extension Washigton State Universi ty. ht tp:/ / CEPublications/ eb1198e/eb1198e.pdf [accessed on 29 March 2011]
Anderson, L. D.; Walker, H. G., (1937). Control of potato flea beetle, Epitrix cucumeris Harris on the eastern shore of Virigina. Am. J. Potato. Res., (14): 319-325 (7 pages).
Boavida, C.; Giltrap, N.; Cuthbertson, A. G. S.; Northing, P., (2013). Epitrix similaris and Epitrix cucumeris in Portugal: damage patterns in potato and suitability of potential plants for reproduction. EPPO Bulletin, (43): 323-333 (11 pages).
Cuthbertson, A. G. S., (2014). Personnal Communication. The Food and Environment Research Agency, Sand Hutton, York, UK.
Dominick, C.B., (1965). Experiments with insecticides applied in the soil for tobacco flea beetle and green peach aphid control. J. Econ. Entomol., (58): 224-225 (2 pages).
Dominick, C.B., (1967). Systemic insecticides applied to the soil for control of the Tobacco flea beetle on tobacco. J. Econ. Entomol., (60): 1468-1469 (2 pages).
Doeberl, M., (2000). Contribution to the knowledge of the genus Epitrix Foudras, 1860 in the Palearctic region (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Alticinae). Mitteilungen des Internationaler Entomologischer Verein, (25): 1–23 (24 pages).
Eyre, D.; Giltrap, N., (2012). Epitrix flea beetles: new threats to potato production in Europe. Pest. Manage. Sci., (69): 3-6 (4 pages).
Gentner, L.G., (1944). The black flea beetles of the genus Epi t rix commonly ident i f ied as cucumeri s (Harri s) (Coleoptera: Chrysomel idae). Pro. Entomol . Soc. Washington., (46): 137–149 (13 pages).
Hernández, M. M.; Heraso, C.; Vilarreal, M. L.; Vargas- Arispuro, I.; Aranda, E., (1999). Biological activities of crude plant extracts from Vitex trifolia L. (Verbenaceae). J. Ethnoparm., (67): 37-44 (8 pages).
Hofmaster, R.N., (1956). Flea beetle control on Irish potatoes in Eastern Virginia. J. Econ. Entomol., (49): 530-533 (4 pages).
Isman, M.B., (2006). Botanical insecticides, deterrents, and repellents in modern agriculture and an increasingly regulated world. Ann. Rev. Entomol., (51): 45-66 (22 pages).
Kabaluk, J. T.; Vernon, R. S., (2000). Effect of crop rotation on populations of Epitrix tuberis (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in potato. J. Econ. Entomol., (93): 315–322 (8 pages).
Kring, J. B., (1958). Feeding behaviour and DDT resistance of Epitrix cucumeris. J. Econ. Entomol., (53): 823-828 (6 pages).
Malumphy, C.; Giltrap, N.; Eyre, D., (2010). Potato flea beetles, Epitrix spp. Plant Pest Factsheet. The Food and Environment Research Agency (Fera). February 2010 http: // documents/factsheets/potatoFleaBeetle.pd
McLeod, P.; Diaz, F. J.; Johnson, D.T., (2002). Toxicity, persistence and efficacy of spinosad, chlorfenapyr and thiamethoxam on eggplant when applied against the eggplant flea beetle (Coleoptera:Chrysomelidae). J. Econ. Entomol., (95): 331-335 (5 pages).
Morrison, H.E.; Gentner, L. G.; Koontz, R. F.; Every R.W., (1967). The changing role of potato pests attacking potato tubers. Am. Pot. J., (44): 137–144 (8 pages).
OEPP/EPPO., (2005). Data sheets on quarantine pests. Epitrix cucumeris. OEPP/EPPO. Bulletin., (35): 363–364 (2 pages).
Sannino, L. ; Piro, F.; Cont iero, M. , (2005) . Field performance of thiacloprid against the tobacco flea beetle Epi trix hirt ipennis (Melsheimer) . Informatore Fitopatologico, (55): 36-38 (3 pages).
Semtner, P. J.; Rasnake, M.; Terrill, T. R., (1980). Effect of host-plant nutrition on the occurrence of tobacco hornworms and tobacco flea beetles on different types of tobacco. J. Econ. Entomol., (73): 221-224 (4 pages).
Seeno, T.N.; Andrews, F. G., (1972). Alticinae of California, Par t I: Epi t rix spp. (Coleoptera: Chrysomel idae). Coleopts Bull, (26): 53–61 (9 pages).
Smith, I. M.; McNamara, D. G.; Scott, P. R.; Holderness, M., (1997). Epitrix tuberis, In: Quarantine Pests for Europe, 2nd Edn., CABI / EPPO, Wallingford, 1425pp.
UCANR (2013). How to manage flea beetles on eggplant. ht tp:/ /www. r211301411.html. Accessed November 2013.
Vernon, R. S.; Mackenzie, J. R., (1991a). Evaluation of foliar sprays against the tuber flea beetle Epitrix tuberis on potato. Can. Entomol., (123): 321–331 (11 pages).
Vernon, R.S.; Mackenzie, J. R., (1991b). Granular insecticides against overwintered tuber flea beetle Epitrix tuberis on potato. Can. Entomol., (123): 333–343 (11 pages).
Yabar, L.E., (1980). Control of Epitrix spp. on potato. Rev Peruana de Entomol 1980, publ. 1981, recd. 1982, (23): 151-153 (3 pages).
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (2005). Crop Profile for Potato in Canada, Report prepared by Pesticide Risk Reduction Program, Pest Management Centre,. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Report prepared by Pesticide Risk Reduction Program, Pest Management Centre,. , 1-67

Letters to Editor

GJESM Journal welcomes letters to the editor for the post-publication discussions and corrections which allows debate post publication on its site, through the Letters to Editor. Letters pertaining to manuscript published in GJESM should be sent to the editorial office of GJESM within three months of either online publication or before printed publication, except for critiques of original research. Following points are to be considering before sending the letters (comments) to the editor.

[1] Letters that include statements of statistics, facts, research, or theories should include appropriate references, although more than three are discouraged.
[2] Letters that are personal attacks on an author rather than thoughtful criticism of the author’s ideas will not be considered for publication.
[3] Letters can be no more than 300 words in length.
[4] Letter writers should include a statement at the beginning of the letter stating that it is being submitted either for publication or not.
[5] Anonymous letters will not be considered.
[6] Letter writers must include their city and state of residence or work.
[7] Letters will be edited for clarity and length.