Document Type : CASE STUDY


1 School of Life Sciences and Technology, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung 40132, Indonesia

2 School of Life Sciences and Technology, Institut Teknologi Bandung,Bandung 40132, Indonesia

3 Forestry Engineering Study Program, School of Life Sciences and Technology, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Sumedang 45363, Indonesia

4 Center of Excellence for Mangrove, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Jalan Perpustkaan No. 3A, Medan 20155, Indonesia

5 Biodiversity Research Group, Faculty of Forestry, Hasanuddin University, Makassar 90245, Indonesia

6 Agricultural Economics Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Padjadjaran University, Jalan Raya Bandung-Sumedang, Jatinangor Sumedang 45363, Indonesia

7 Department of Botany and Microbiology, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia



BACKROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Mangrove silvofishery, a unique system that combine aquaculture with mangrove forests, presents a promising sustainable solution for Indonesia's coastal communities. However, in order to achieve broad implementation, it is essential to bridge the existing knowledge gap concerning the economic and environmental benefits associated with it. The aim of this study was to assess the four primary services rendered by the Blanakan mangrove silvofishery area in Subang District, West Java: carbon sequestration, fisheries productivity, nature-based tourism, and bird sanctuary.
METHODS: Carbon storage was calculated by conducting vegetation surveys and utilizing allometric equations, which took into account both aboveground and belowground biomass. During the vegetation survey, data regarding the types of mangrove plants and the diameter of each tree at breast height was gathered. To quantify fisheries production, interviews were conducted with area managers and pond farmers who are engaged in silvofishery practices within the region. The point-count method was used to inventory the diversity of bird species. The analysis of natural tourism services encompassed an examination of visitor statistics, the state of the mangroves as a popular tourist destination, and the range of tourist activities available.
FINDINGS: The study revealed the high capacity of the mangrove stands at the study location for carbon storage, with an estimated 137.9 tonnes carbon per hectare aboveground and 79 tonnes carbon per hectare belowground. Local communities actively engage in silvofishery practices within the Blanakan mangroves, cultivating fish and shrimp, with an average annual income of around 1,513 United States dollar per hectare.
2. The natural beauty of the Blanakan mangrove area attracts tourists with its diverse ecosystem and opportunities to see crocodile breeding facilities. Visitor numbers vary, averaging around 128 people per month until mid-2023. The Blanakan mangroves are home to a total of 23 bird species, contributing to a species diversity index of 2.1. Two species with significant conservation value were found: the critically endangered Javan Blue-banded Kingfisher (Alcedo euryzona) and the vulnerable Black-capped Kingfisher (Halcyon pileata).
CONCLUSION: The results emphasize the importance of advancing and advocating for silvofishery as a primary alternative in Indonesia's mangrove conservation and rehabilitation initiatives, enhancing coastal environmental management. Community engagement is of utmost importance in the successful development of mangrove silvofishery, as it aims to tackle the issue of limited awareness and participation among the local community.

Graphical Abstract

Quantification of ecosystem services from mangrove silvofishery


  • Mangrove silvofishery with high cover of mangroves (more than 75%) has high capacity to store carbon, with an estimated 137.9 tonnes C/ha aboveground and 79 tonnes C/ha belowground;
  • Nature recreation can be potentially developed along with the development of mangrove silvofishery and Fish farming with silvofishery system provides sufficient income for local communities;
  • The presence of mangrove trees within silvofishery area in Blanakan has attracted approximately 23 bird species, including two with significant conservation value: the critically endangered Javan Blue-banded Kingfisher (Alcedo euryzona) and the vulnerable Black-capped Kingfisher (Halcyon pileata).


Main Subjects


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