1 Department of Technical-Vocational and Livelihood Education, College of Teacher Education, Mariano Marcos State University, Laoag City, Philippines

2 Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Home Economics, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines


This study assessed the knowledge, attitudes and practices on food waste of selected households in the northern province of the Philippines. The results of the assessment were used as bases for formulation of a recycling system. A total of one hundred rural households were selected using stratified equal allocation sampling technique. Data were collected through the use of researcher-made questionnaire with Cronbach’s Alpha at .82, and was supplemented by observations. Factor analysis, Pearson r, and point-biserial correlation were used to yield findings in the study. Results show that a number of factors discourage the respondents’ participation in the reduction and recycling of food waste, such as lack of facilities, insufficient training, and information dissemination. Household size (r=.199, p<0.05), monthly income (r=.282, p<0.01; r=-.217, p<0.05), and planning (r=-.243, p<0.05) influences the way the participants manage household food waste. On the other hand, age, educational attainment, and sex, do not significantly affect the way the household-participants manage food waste. One strategic and feasible solution is a compulsory food waste recycling system (FWRS) for private households to combat this pressing issue on food waste. This proposed framework is composed of four major moves that require the collaboration of various sectors and stakeholders in the community, and is expected to suggest valuable policy amendments including significant decrease in wastage of consumable agricultural products. Without doubt, the ongoing over generation of food waste is a serious global setback that needs to be urgently addressed.

Graphical Abstract

Knowledge, attitudes and practices on household food waste: Bases for formulation of a recycling system


  • Participants’ knowledge on food waste is limited, which, therefore, opens spaces for educating and training them to manage food waste;
  • Planning household meals through budgeting was found to be a significant factor in effectively managing food waste among the participants;
  • Participants are reported to demonstrate acceptable practices in consuming fresh foods and in storing leftovers;
  • The Four MOVEs (Mobilize, Orient, Value, and Eliminate) recycling system could minimize household food waste through empowering the community.


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