Document Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER

Authors

Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch, Institute of Monitoring of Climatic and Ecological Systems, Tomsk, Russia

Abstract

The present study was focused to examine the combined effects of climate and ultraviolet-B radiation on conifer tree-ring density. Statistical methods were employed to extract tree responses in annual ring density and to identify functional relationship in trees when the level of ultraviolet-B radiation changes regardless of climate variations. In this study, the consideration was given to the series of total ozone content (instead of ultraviolet-B), tree-ring density, and De Martonne aridity index. After the correlation analysis, all trees were divided into two groups: 1) Trees whose correlation between tree ring density and UV-B values in April is significantly positive; 2) Trees whose correlation between tree ring density and aridity index values in March-September is significantly negative. Then, tree-ring series for the Swiss Alps in each group were generalized and decomposed into separate components: long period trends, ultraviolet-B and climatic signals. For the ultraviolet-B-responsive tree group in the period 1932-1974, the correlation coefficient between the density and ultraviolet-B was 0.55 at p

Graphical Abstract

Response of conifers to UV-B and climate in mountain areas

Highlights

  • Maximum density of conifers is a good indicator of UV-B and climate changes
  • Time series of maximum density contain significant climatic and UV-B signals
  • Hormones regulate tree-ring density.

Keywords

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