Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch, Institute of Monitoring of Climatic and Ecological Systems, Tomsk, Russia


The present study was focused to examine the combined effects of climate and ultraviolet-B radiation on conifer tree-ring density. Statistical methods were employed to extract tree responses in annual ring density and to identify functional relationship in trees when the level of ultraviolet-B radiation changes regardless of climate variations. In this study, the consideration was given to the series of total ozone content (instead of ultraviolet-B), tree-ring density, and De Martonne aridity index. After the correlation analysis, all trees were divided into two groups: 1) Trees whose correlation between tree ring density and UV-B values in April is significantly positive; 2) Trees whose correlation between tree ring density and aridity index values in March-September is significantly negative. Then, tree-ring series for the Swiss Alps in each group were generalized and decomposed into separate components: long period trends, ultraviolet-B and climatic signals. For the ultraviolet-B-responsive tree group in the period 1932-1974, the correlation coefficient between the density and ultraviolet-B was 0.55 at p

Graphical Abstract

Response of conifers to UV-B and climate in mountain areas


  • Maximum density of conifers is a good indicator of UV-B and climate changes
  • Time series of maximum density contain significant climatic and UV-B signals
  • Hormones regulate tree-ring density.


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