Document Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER

Authors

1 Okayama University, Graduate school of Environmental and Life Science, Department of Environmental Science, 3-1-1 Tsushima, Kita, Okayama, Japan

2 National University of Civil Engineering, Department of Environmental Technology and Management, 55 Giai Phong Road, Hai Ba Trung, Ha Noi, Vietnam

Abstract

The current study aims to analyze waste characteristics and management practices of the hotel industry in Hoi An, a tourism city in the center of Vietnam. Solid wastes from 120 hotels were sampled, the face-to-face interviews were conducted, and statistical methods were carried out to analyze the data. The results showed that the mean of waste generation rate of the hotels was 2.28 kg/guest/day and strongly correlated to internal influencing factors such as the capacity, the price of the room, garden, and level of restaurant. The differences in waste generation rate of the hotels were proved to be statistically significant. The higher the scale of hotels, the higher the waste generation rate. Moreover, the waste composition of the hotels was identified by 58.5% for biodegradable waste, 25.8% for recyclables and 15.7% for others. The relative differences in the waste composition of the hotels by climate, the features of hotels, and the types of the guest were explained. Whereby, the higher size of the hotels, the higher percentage of biodegradable and less proportion of recyclable waste. Also, this study revealed that the implementation status of waste management practices of the hoteliers initially reaped quite positive achievements with 76% for sorting, 39% for recycling, 29% for reduction, and 0.8% for composting. The rate of waste management practices was proportional to the scale of the hotel. This study provided information on waste management practice of hotel industry and contributed to the overall assessment of municipal solid waste management practices of Hoi An city.

Graphical Abstract

Highlights

  • Hotel waste generation rate is significantly different between types of hotels
  • Garden, restaurant, capacity, and the price of the room influent to hotel waste generation
  • 84.3% of hotel waste are recyclable
  • The higher scale of the hotel, the more attention in solid waste management practices

Keywords

Main Subjects

Ayia-Koi, A.; Sackle-Sackey, A., (2015). Capacity Management Issues in the Hotel Industry of Cape Coast Metropolis. J. Tour. Hosp. Sports., 11: 1–9 (9 pages).

Ball, S.; Taleb, M.A., (2011). Benchmarking waste disposal in the Egyptian hotel industry. Tour. Hosp. Res., 11: 1–18 (18 pages).

Bohdanowicz, P., (2005). European Hoteliers’ Environmental Attitudes: Greening the Business. Cornell Hotel Restaur. Adm. Q., 46: 188–204 (17 pages).

Byer, P.H.; Hoang, C.P.; Nguyen, T.T.T.; Chopra, S.; Maclaren, V.; Haight, M., (2006). Household, hotel and market waste audits for composting in Vietnam and Laos. Waste Manage. Res., 24: 465–472 (8 pages).

Chan, W.W.; Lam, J., (2001). Environmental accounting of municipal solid waste originating from rooms and restaurants in the Hong Kong hotel industry. J. Hosp. Tour. Res., 25: 371–385 (15 pages).

Cummings, L.E., (1992). Hospitality solid waste minimization: A global frame. Int. J. Hosp. Manage., 11: 255–267 (13 pages).

Cummings, L.E., (1997). Waste Minimisation Supporting Urban Tourism Sustainability: A Mega-Resort Case Study. J. Sustain. Tour., 5: 93–108 (16 pages).

Daniel, H., Perinaz, B., (2012). What a Waste - A Global Review of Solid Waste Management. World Bank.

DOCTHAC, (2017). Interview data. Department of Commercial and Tourism of Hoi An city data.

DOS, (2017). Data Collection. Department of Statistics of Hoi An city data.

Edmundo, M.R.N., (2015). Waste management in touristic regions. Waste Manage. Res., 33: 593–594 (2 pages).

Ezeah, C.; Fazakerley, J.; Byrne, T., (2015). Tourism Waste Management in the European Union: Lessons Learned from Four Popular EU Tourist Destinations. Am. J. Clim. Change., 04: 431–445 (15 pages).

Ezio, R.; Stefano, A.; Irina, I.; Tiberiu, A., (2014). Municipal solid Waste Management in Italian and Romanian Tourist areas., U.P.B. Sci. Bull., 76(2): 277–288 (12 pages).

Ghadban, S.; Shames, M.; Mayaleh, H.A., (2017). Trash Crisis and Solid Waste Management in Lebanon-Analyzing Hotels’ Commitment and Guests’ Preferences. J. Tour. Res. Hosp., 6(3):1-18 (18 pages).

Giang, H.M.; Takeshi, F.; Song Toan, P.P., (2017). Municipal Waste Generation and Composition In A Tourist City - Hoi An, Vietnam. J. JSCE., 5: 123–132 (10 pages).

Graci, S.; Dodds, R., (2008). Why Go Green? The Business Case for Environmental Commitment in the Canadian Hotel Industry. Int. J. Tour. Hosp. Res., 19: 251–270 (20 pages).

Hoang, M.G.; Fujiwara, T.; Pham Phu, S.T.; Nguyen Thi, K.T., (2017). Predicting waste generation using Bayesian model averaging. Global J. Environ. Sci. Manage., 3(4): 385-402 (8 pages).

HAPWC, (2017). Data collection. Hoi An Public Work Company data.

Hung, W.-T.; Shang, J.-K.; Wang, F.-C., (2010). Pricing determinants in the hotel industry: Quantile regression analysis. Int. J. Hosp. Manage., 29: 378–384 (7 pages).

Jonathan, F.K.E.; Townsend, J.M., (1991). Florida's Pilot Hotel/Motel Recycling Project. University of Florida.

Karim, Z.; Majdoulaine, S.W.; Grégoire, M., (2008). Best Environmental Practices for the Hotel Industry. Sustainable Business Associates.

Kaseva, M.E.; Moirana, J.L., (2010). Problems of solid waste management on Mount Kilimanjaro: A challenge to tourism. Waste Manage. Res., 28: 695–704 (10 pages).

Kirk, D., (1995). Environmental management in hotels. Int. J. Contemp. Hosp. Manage., 7:3–8 (6 pages).

Loan, L.T.T.; Nomura, H.; Takahashi, Y.; Yabe, M., (2017). Psychological driving forces behind households’ behaviors toward municipal organic waste separation at source in Vietnam: a structural equation modeling approach. J. Mater. Cycles Waste Manage. 19: 1052–1060 (9 pages).

MaLik, S.; Kumar, S., (2012). Management of hotel waste: A case study of small hotels of Haryana State. J. Econ. Manage., 1: 43–55 (13 pages).

Mateu-Sbert, J.; Ricci-Cabello, I.; Villalonga-Olives, E.; Cabeza-Irigoyen, E., (2013). The impact of tourism on municipal solid waste generation: The case of Menorca Island (Spain). Waste Manage., 33, 2589–2593 (5 pages).

Mihalič, T., (2000). Environmental management of a tourist destination: A factor of tourism competitiveness. Tour. Manage., 21: 65–78 (14 pages).

Milanez, B.; Hargrave, J.; Luedemann, G., (2015). Urban environmental services: valuing the environmental benefits of solid waste recycling in Brazil. Int. J. Environ. Waste Manage., 15: 67–85 (19 pages).

Molina-Azorín, J.F.; Claver-Cortés, E.; Pereira-Moliner, J.; Tarí, J.J., (2009). Environmental practices and firm performance: an empirical analysis in the Spanish hotel industry. J. Clean. Prod., 17: 516–524 (9 pages).

Mongtoeun, Y.; Takeshi, F.; Sour, S., (2014). Current status of commercial solid waste generation, composition and management in Phnom Penh city, Cambodia. J. Environ. Waste Manage., 1: 31–38 (8 pages).

Nornadiah Mohd Razali, Y.B.W., (2011). Power comparisons of Shapiro-Wilk, Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Lilliefors and Anderson-Darling tests. J. Stat. Model. Anal., 2: 21–23 (3 pages).

Omidiani, A.; Hashemi Hezaveh, S.M., (2016). Waste Management in Hotel Industry in India: A Review. Int. J. Sci. Res. Publ., 6: 670–680 (11 pages).

Otoma, S.; Hoang, H.; Hong, H.; Miyazaki, I.; Diaz, R., (2013). A survey on municipal solid waste and residents’ awareness in Da Nang city, Vietnam. J. Mater. Cycles Waste Manage., 15: 187–194 (8 pages).

Pirani, S.I.; Arafat, H.A., (2014). Solid waste management in the hospitality industry: A review. J. Environ. Manage., 146: 320–336 (17 pages).

Quang Nam Province, (2016). Regulation of waste collection fee in Quang Nam province.

Schianetz, K.; Kavanagh, L.; Lockington, D., (2007). Concepts and Tools for Comprehensive Sustainability Assessments for Tourism Destinations: A Comparative Review. J. Sustain. Tour., 15: 369–389 (21 pages).

Shamshiry, E.; Nadi, B.; Bin Mokhtar, M.; Komoo, I.; Saadiah Hashim, H.; Yahaya, N., (2011). Integrated Models for Solid Waste Management in Tourism Regions: Langkawi Island, Malaysia. J. Environ. Public Health, (5 pages).

Sharma, R., (2016). Evaluating total carrying capacity of tourism using impact indicators. Global J. Environ. Sci. Manage., 2(2): 187–196 (10 pages).

Tang, J., (2004). A case study of a hotel solid waste management program in Bali, Indonesia. Master Dissertation, University of Waterloo, Canada.

Teh, L.; Cabanban, A.S., (2007). Planning for sustainable tourism in southern Pulau Banggi: An assessment of biophysical conditions and their implications for future tourism development. J. Environ. Manage., 85: 999–1008 (10 pages).

Trung, D.N.; Kumar, S., (2005). Resource use and waste management in Vietnam hotel industry. J. Clean. Prod., 13: 109–116 (8 pages).

UNEP, (2009). Sustainable coastal tourism: an integrated planning and management approach, UNEP manuals on sustainable tourism. United Nations Environment Programme, Nairobi.

Wong, K.K.F.; Kim, S., (2012). Exploring the Differences in Hotel Guests’ Willingness-to-Pay for Hotel Rooms With Different Views. Int. J. Hosp. Tour. Adm., 13: 67–93 (7 pages).

Zaei, M.E.; Zaei, M.E, (2013). The impacts of tourism industry on host community. Eur. J. Tour. Hosp. Res., 1: 12–21 (10 pages).

 

HOW TO CITE THIS ARTICLE:

Pham Phu, S.T.; Hoang, M.G.; Fujiwara, T., (2018). Analyzing solid waste management practices for the hotel industry. Global J. Environ. Sci. Manage., 4(1): 19-30 (12 pages).


Letters to Editor


GJESM Journal welcomes letters to the editor for the post-publication discussions and corrections which allows debate post publication on its site, through the Letters to Editor. Letters pertaining to manuscript published in GJESM should be sent to the editorial office of GJESM within three months of either online publication or before printed publication, except for critiques of original research. Following points are to be considering before sending the letters (comments) to the editor.

[1] Letters that include statements of statistics, facts, research, or theories should include appropriate references, although more than three are discouraged.
[2] Letters that are personal attacks on an author rather than thoughtful criticism of the author’s ideas will not be considered for publication.
[3] Letters can be no more than 300 words in length.
[4] Letter writers should include a statement at the beginning of the letter stating that it is being submitted either for publication or not.
[5] Anonymous letters will not be considered.
[6] Letter writers must include their city and state of residence or work.
[7] Letters will be edited for clarity and length.

CAPTCHA Image