Document Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

Authors

Kyiv National University of Technologies and Design, Kyiv, Ukraine

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The new wave of the Covid-19 pandemic has complicated the working conditions of higher education institutions in Ukraine. In this regard, saving energy resources of the university offers an opportunity to get out of the crisis. The purpose of the study is to develop a management system for energy complexes with non-conventional renewable energy sources in the context of preventing a new outbreak of Covid-19 pandemic.
METHODS: The method of Deutsche Gesellschaft für Nachhaltiges Bauen was used to conduct energy audits, construct energy profiles of university offices. The cluster analysis was used to perform energy certification of university offices according to the indicators of integral energy efficiency potential and the level of annual specific energy consumption. Fuzzy methods made it possible to classify all the buildings into 3 categories (A, B, C) to prioritize their use in the light of Covid-19 pandemic. The system for monitoring the attained level of energy efficiency is based on the use of discriminant analysis.
FINDINGS: Implementation of the weighted strategy has proved that the classes will be given online, 23% of all offices. Category A (administrative, technical, service buildings; laboratories with unique equipment with 24-hour service) will be used in a pessimistic scenario (continuation of Covid-19 pandemic). In the optimistic scenario (end of Covid-19 pandemic), by means of the suggested energy efficiency monitoring system, the probability of using category A offices makes 100%, B offices- 50% and C offices - 13%.
CONCLUSION: Implementation of the developed energy efficiency action plan will offer the opportunity for the University to use reasonably the common connection point of knowledge management of energy complexes with non-conventional renewable energy sources in the context of preventing a new outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic. The profitability of implementing a weighted energy efficiency strategy is 15%, with a payback period of 6.7 years for the purchase and installation of non-conventional renewable energy equipment. In the future, it would be advisable to convert gradually all of the remaining 14 university buildings to the autonomous use of non-conventional renewable energy sources, using a common connection point for the knowledge management of the energy complexes.

Graphical Abstract

Energy-innovation knowledge common connection point management in preventing outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic in a University

Highlights

  • The Model of Knowledge common connection point management that serves energy management of complexes with non-conventional renewable sources will enable universities to save energy in the face of a new Covid-19 pandemic outbreak;
  • Energy audits and energy certification of university buildings according to the indicators of integral energy efficiency potential and annual specific energy consumption level have allowed to classify all offices of the buildings into 3 categories (A, B, C) in order to prioritize their use in the conditions of Covid-19 pandemic;
  • In an optimistic scenario (end of Covid-19 pandemic), it is sufficient to use 58% of offices with Categories A and B (high and medium integral energy efficiency potential);
  • The return on implementation of a weighted energy efficiency strategy is 15%. The payback period for the purchase and installation of non-conventional renewable energy equipment is 6.7 years.

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Open Access

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