Document Type : CASE STUDY


1 Department of Environment, Islamic Azad University, North Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Urban Planning, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran


Sustainable urban development is a new concept of fundamental environmental metropolitan management that not only creates the demand for changing the concepts of economic development, but also affects social development. The current study  provides  a conceptual model of a sustainable environment pattern In District 22 of Tehran that depends on the relationship between environment and economy, and a network of urban function, which  Included transport infrastructure and community centers and economic and regional level in support of the ecological services in Tehran. This landscape often  had discrepancies  with the development of the city between the layers and the creation of ecological fragile areas. The main objective of the study was to determine the sustainability indicators and create a future development  model  for District 22 of Tehran. The data was collected by having a review of similar studies and field research on the subject and therefore the effective factors were identified. After accomplished proceedings, the questionnaire was prepared and the results were used in SWOT charts' grading after analyzing at interior and exterior matrix. Ultimately, quantitative strategic planning matrix (QSPM) was performed based on the results and analysis. This process provided a comprehensive model for sustainable urban development as sustainable development urban landscape pattern.

Graphical Abstract

Strategic management in urban environment using SWOT and QSPM model


  • The main pillars of sustainable development were used in terms social, economic, and environmental dimensions to develop strategies and goals.
  • Priority of choosing strategies in District 22 of Tehran was determined based on the urban District structure.
  • SWOT analysis and QSPM, not only reduces the damages caused by wrong decisions but will establish the selected strategies in urban environment.


Abratt, R., (1993). Market segmentation practices of industrial marketers. Ind. Marketing Manage., 22(2): 79-84 (6 pages).

Bottero M.; Lami, I.M., (2010). Analytic network process and sustainable mobility: An application for the assessment of different scenarios. J. Urban., 3: 275-293 (19 pages).

David, F.R., (2003). Strategic management, concept and cases 9th Ed., Prentice Hall, New Jersey.

David, F.R, (2009). Strategic management concepts and cases, Prentice-Hall Publishing Company. Upper Saddle River, NJ.

David, F.R., (1999). Strategic management: Concepts and cases (7th Edition), Prentice Hall,

David, F.R. (1986). The strategic planning matrix: A quantitative approach.” Long Range Planning 19:5-102.

David, M.E.; David, F.R., (2009). The quantitative strategic planning matrix (QSPM) applied to retail computer store. Coastal Business J., 8(1): 42- 52 (11 pages).

Dibb, P., (1995). Towards a new balance of power in Asia: What are the risks as the Asian balance of power undergoes a fundamental change? Oxford University Press.

Dyson, R.G., (2004), Strategic development and SWOT analysis at the university of Warwick, European J. Operational Res., 152(3): 631-640 (10 pages).

Fiedler, F.E., (1997). Situational control and a dynamic theory of leadership. Leadership. Classical, contemporary and critical approaches, pp.126-148 (28 pages).

Grant, R.M., (1991). The resource-based theory of competitive advantage: Implications for strategy formulation. California Manage. Rev. 33 (3): 114-135 (22 pages). Berkeley, University of California

Hamel, G.; Prahalad, C.K., (1989). The core competence of the corporation. Harvard Bus. Rev., 68(3): 79-92 (15 pages).

Haughton, G.; Hunter, C., (2004). Sustainable cities. Rutledge Publisher.

Hom Haacke, L., (2001). Using SWOT for project planning sessions PN.3 Hughes. A tourism as sustainable industry in the rural community of arising, west Scotland, M.Sc. Theses, Napier University Nilsson Publication.

Humphrey, A., (2005). SWOT analysis for management consulting. SRI Alumni International Newsletter.

Kajanus, M.; Kangas, J.; Kurttila, M., (2004). The use of value focused thinking and the AWOT hybrid method in tourism management. Tourism Manage., 25(4): 499-506 (8 pages).

Maoh, H.; Kanaroglou, P., (2009). A tool for evaluating urban sustainability via integrated transportation and land use simulation models. Urban Environ. Volume 3.

Marsh, W.M., 1991. Landscape Planning. Environmental Applications, 2nd Edition. Wiley, New York, 340 pp.

Morgan,  R.K., (1998).  Environmental impact assessment.  A methodological perspective. Kluwer Academic Publisher, Dordrecht, the Netherlands, 307 pp.

Padash, A.;  Jozi, S.A.; Nabavi, S.M.B.; Dehzad, B., (2016). Stepwise strategic environmental management in marine protected area. Global J. Environ. Sci. Manage., 2(1): 49-60 (12 pages).   

Pickett, S.T.A.; Parker, V.T.; Fiedler, P.L., (1992). The new paradigm in ecology: Implications for conservation biology above the species level. In: Fiedler, P.L., Jain, S.K. (Eds.), Conservation Biology: The theory and practice of nature conservation, preservation, and management. Chapman and Hall, New York, pp. 66–88 (23 pages).

Pickton, W. D.; Wright, S., (1998). What’s SWOT in strategic analysis, Strategic Change, 7(2): 101-109 (9 pages).

Prahalad, C.K.; Gibson, R., (1997). Rethinking the future. Rethinking the future, Rethinking business, principles, competition, control complexity, leadership, markets and the world. Rowan Gibson (Ed.). London, Nicholas Brealey Publishing. 430 p.

Purahmad, A.; Hosseini, A.; Oroji, H.; Alizadeh, M., (2013). The priority of measuring the strategies for development of cultural tourism in Alamut, Qazvin. Human Geogr. Res. Q., 45(3): 1-17 (17 pages).

Riston, N., (2008). Strategic management. Neil Riston and Ventus Publishing APS, ISBN 978-87-7681-417-5.

Sabri, S.; Majid, M.R.; Ludin, A.N.M., (2010). Integrated modeling of multi-criteria evaluation and planning support systems in inner city redevelopment appraisal. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Postgraduate Conference on Infrastructure and Environment, IPCIE 2010. (Vol. 2, pp. 16-24 (9 pages).

Singh, N., (2010). SWOT Analysis: A useful tool for community vision. A concept paper of central Himalayan village. Res., 2(9): 16-18 (3 pages).

Stratford, E.; Davidson, J.; Lockwood, M.; Griffith, R.; Curtis, A., (2007). Sustainable development and good governance: the ‘big ideas' influencing Australian NRM. University of Tasmania, Hobart.

Terrados, J.; Almonacidand, G.; Hontoria, L., (2005). Regional energy planning through SWOT analysis and strategic planning tools. Impact on renewables development. Renew. Sustainable Energy Rev., 11 (6), 1275-1287.

Terrados, J.; Almonacid, G.; Hontoria, L., (2007). Regional energy planning through SWOT analysis and strategic planning tools: Impact on renewable development, renewable and sustainable. Energy Rev., 11(6): 1275-1287 (13 pages).

Thompson, A.A.; Strickland, A.J., (2001). Strategic management: Concepts and cases. McGraw-Hill/ Irvin.

Thompson, A.A.; Strickland, A.J.; Gamble, J.E., (2007). Crafting and executing strategy. The       quest for competitive advantage. Concepts and cases. 15th Ed., New York, NY.

Treweek, J., (1999). Ecological impact assessment. Blackwell Science® Publication, Oxford.

Yigitcanlar, T.; Dizdaroglu, D., (2015). Ecological approaches in planning for sustainable cities: A review of the literature. Global J. Environ. Sci. Manage., 1 (2): 159-188 (30 pages).

Letters to Editor

GJESM Journal welcomes letters to the editor for the post-publication discussions and corrections which allows debate post publication on its site, through the Letters to Editor. Letters pertaining to manuscript published in GJESM should be sent to the editorial office of GJESM within three months of either online publication or before printed publication, except for critiques of original research. Following points are to be considering before sending the letters (comments) to the editor.

[1] Letters that include statements of statistics, facts, research, or theories should include appropriate references, although more than three are discouraged.
[2] Letters that are personal attacks on an author rather than thoughtful criticism of the author’s ideas will not be considered for publication.
[3] Letters can be no more than 300 words in length.
[4] Letter writers should include a statement at the beginning of the letter stating that it is being submitted either for publication or not.
[5] Anonymous letters will not be considered.
[6] Letter writers must include their city and state of residence or work.
[7] Letters will be edited for clarity and length.