Document Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER

Authors

1 Department of Communication, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java, Indonesia

2 Fiscal Agency of the Ministry of Finance, Indonesia

10.22034/gjesm.2021.03.01

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Empowering activities is the key in building awareness and individual capacity of household waste management, especially for women as the main actors. This study aimed to explore empowering activities as the key factor in shaping women's awareness of household waste management.
METHODS:This study was conducted using quantitative methods. The data collection technique used was survey. The sampling was carried out by purposive sampling technique. The criteria for sampling were those women who attended training in waste management in Jagakarsa Sub District, South Jakarta, Indonesia. The analytical technique used was Ordinary Least Square regression.
FINDINGS: Based on the findings of this study, it was known that women who had good adaptability to technology were likely to have a greater chance score of 0.908. Education in schools was also found to have a positive impact on the opportunity score  to earn good living environment. It was found that an increase in 1 year of schooling will increase the score of chance by 0.0755 (estimation 5). This is not significantly different from estimation 4 which would increase the chance by 0.0745. In waste management training, The womens’ participation are likely to increase the score chance of having a good environment by 0.944 points (estimation 5). Besides, the womens’ participation were found to be statistically significant at 95% confidence level in all estimations, particularly in the waste management training. Based on the comparison of the participation coefficient parameters in waste management training, it was found that there were no significant differences or signs (+ and -) between the estimations. All coefficient parameters ranged from 0.83 to 0.94.
CONCLUSION: Empowerment activities that utilize access to education and easily adapt to a technology might have a significant correlation with women's involvement in waste management training. This is the basis for building awareness to carry out more sustainable household waste management and achieve change to get a good living environment. 

==========================================================================================
COPYRIGHTS
©2021 The author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, as long as the original authors and source are cited. No permission is required from the authors or the publishers.
==========================================================================================
 

Graphical Abstract

Empowerment key factors in shaping women's awareness of household waste management

Highlights

  • Empowerment through educational approach has the most contribution to women's awareness in household waste management;
  • Access to technology and technological adaptability will increase women's ability in household waste management through the 3R principle;
  • Empowering of waste management needs to be combined with integrated waste management policies to achieve more sustainable waste management;
  • Facilities and infrastructure that support household waste management will encourage women to be more involved in waste management activities.

Keywords

Main Subjects

Abu-Saad, I., (2016). Access to higher education and its socio-economic impact among Bedouin Arabs in Southern Israel. Int. J. Educ. Res., 76: 96-103 (8 pages).

Alhassan, H.; Kwakwa, P.A.; Owusu-Sekyere, E., (2020). Households’ source separation behaviour and solid waste disposal options in Ghana’s Millennium City. J. Environ. Manage., 259: 110055 (10 pages).

Alessa, L.; Bennett, S.M.; Kliskey, A.D., (2003). Effects of knowledge, personal attribution and perception of ecosystem health on depreciative behaviors in the intertidal zone of Pacific Rim National Park and Reserve. J. Environ. Manage., 68(2): 207-218 (12 pages).

Almasi, A.; Mohammadi, M.; Azizi, A.; Berizi, Z.; Shamsi, K.; Shahbazi, A.; Mosavi, S.A., (2019). Assessing the knowledge, attitude and practice of the kermanshahi women towards reducing, recycling and reusing of municipal solid waste. Resour. Conserv. Recycl., 141: 329-338 (10 pages).

Asteria, D.; Halimatussadiah, A.; Budidarmono; Utari. D.; Handayani, R.D., (2018). Relation of Social Capital to Women’s Proactive Participation in the Community for Sustainability of River in Urban Areas. E3S Web of Conferences 73, 03003 (5 pages)

Asteria, D.; Negoro, H.A.; Utari, D., (2020). The effects of higher education and financial literacy to pro-environmental behavior in women community. E3S Web of Conferences 211, 01002 (15 pages).

Bahri, R.; Rachmaniyah; Darjati, (2020). Evaluation of waste management facilities through land-based marine litter data: Case study of Kenjeran Beach, Surabaya. J. Environ. Sci. Sustainable Dev., 3(1): 156-176 (21 pages).

BPS, (2020). South Jakarta City Statistics Agency, Thematic Map of South Jakarta City 2020, 15.

Brotosusilo, A.; Handayani, D., (2020). Dataset on waste management behaviors of urban citizens in large cities of Indonesia. Data in Brief, 106053 (14 pages).

Brown, T.J.; Ham, S.H.; Hughes, M., (2010). Picking up litter: an application of theory-based communication to influence tourist behaviour in protected areas. J. Sustainable Tourism, 18(7): 879-900 (22 pages).

Del Mar Alonso-Almeida, M., (2012). Water and waste management in the Moroccan tourism industry: The case of three women entrepreneurs. Women’s Stud. Int. Forum. 35(5): 343-353 (11 pages).

Desa, A.; Kadir, N.B.A.; Yusooff, F., (2012). Waste Education and Awareness Strategy: Towards Solid Waste Management (SWM) Program at UKM. Procedia - Social Behav. Sci., 59: 47-50 (4 pages).

Dhokhikah, Y.; Trihadiningrum, Y.; Sunaryo, S., (2015). Community participation in household solid waste reduction in Surabaya, Indonesia. Resour. Conserv. Recycl., 102: 153-162 (10 pages).

Dodds, R.; Holmes, M.R., (2018). Education and certification for beach management: is there a difference between residents versus visitors? Ocean Coastal Manage., 160: 124-132 (9 pages).

Hasunuma, L., (2019). Beyond formal representation: Case studies of women’s participation in civil society in Japan. Women’s Stud. Int. Forum, 72: 1-8 (8 pages).

Howell, D.C., (2013). Statistical methods for psychology 8th ed. Cengage Wadsworth, Belmont, CA.

Hussain, S.; Jullandhry, S., (2020). Are urban women empowered in Pakistan? A study from a metropolitan city. Women’s Stud. Int. Forum., 82: 102390 (10 pages).

Jamback, J.R.; Geyer, R.; Wilcox, C.; Siegler, T.R.; Perryman, M.; Andrady, A.; Narayan, R.; Law, K.L., (2015). Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean. Science. 347(6223): 768-771 (4 pages).

Khurshid, A., (2016). Domesticated gender (in) equality: Women’s education and gender relations among rural communities in Pakistan. Int. J. Educ. Dev., 51: 43-50 (8 pages).

Kishor, S.; Gupta, K., (2004). Women’s empowerment in India and its states: Evidence from the NFHS. Econ. Political Weekly, 39(7): 694-712 (19 pages).

Kuppens, T.; Spears, R.; Manstead, A.S.R.; Spruyt, B.; Easterbrook, M.J., (2018). Educationism and the irony of meritocracy: Negative attitudes of higher educated people towards the less educated. J. Exp. Social Psychol., 76: 429-447 (19 pages).

Luke, N.; Munshi, K., (2011). Women as agents of change: Female income and mobility in India. J. Dev. Econ., 94(1): 1-17 (17 pages).

Malik, S.; Courtney, K., (2011). Higher education and women’s empowerment in Pakistan. Gender Educ., 23(1): 29-45 (7 pages).

Mejiuni, O.; Ebrary, I., (2013). Women and power: Education, religion and identity, CODESRIA, Dakar.

Meng, X.; Tan, X.; Wang, Y.; Wen, Z.; Tao, Y.; Qian, Y., (2019). Investigation on decision-making mechanism of residents’ household solid waste classification and recycling behaviors. Resour. Conserv. Recycl., 140: 224-234 (11 pages).

Neuman, W.L., (2014). Social Research Methods, Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches 7th ed. Needham Heights, Allyn and Bacon, Massachusetts.

Ocean Conservancy (2019). The Role of Gender in Waste Management. GA Circular.

OECD, (2018). Policy coherence for sustainable development and gender equality: Fostering an integrated policy agenda, OECD, Paris.

Pasang, H.; Moore, G.A.; Sitorus, G., (2007). Neighbourhood-based waste management: A solution for solid waste problems in Jakarta, Indonesia. Waste Manage., 27: 1924-1938 (15 pages).

Permana, A.S.; Towolioe, S.; Aziz, N.A.; Ho, C.S., (2015). Sustainable solid waste management practices and perceived cleanliness in a low income city. Habitat Int., 49: 197-205 (9 pages).

Ramendai, L., (2020). Community participation in domestic waste management In Vim Village Abepura District Jayapura City. Int. J. Sci. Technol. Res., 9(4): 2781-2783 (3 pages).

Salehi, A.; Sebar, B.; Whitehead, D.; Hatam, N.; Coyne, E.; Harris, N., (2020). Young Iranian women as agents of social change: A qualitative study. Women’s Stud. Int. Forum. 79: 102341 (7 pages).

Salem, M.; Raab, K.; Wagner, R., (2020). Solid waste management: The disposal behavior of poor people living in Gaza Strip refugee camps. Resour. Conserv. Recycl., 153: 104550 (9 pages).

Sekito, T.; Prayogo, T.B.; Dote, Y.; Yoshitake, T.; Bagus, I., (2013). Influence of a community-based waste management system on people’s behavior and waste reduction. Resour. Conserv. Recycl., 72: 84-90 (7 pages).

Slovin, E., (1960). Slovin's formula for sampling technique.

Tarigan L.B.; Rogaleli, Y.C.; Waangsir, F.W., (2020). Community participation in waste management. Int. J. Public Health Sci., 9(2): 115-120 (6 pages).

Thogersen, J., (2017). Housing-related lifestyle and energy saving: A multi-level approach. Energy Policy. 102: 73-87 (15 pages).

Tiwary, M.R., (2015). Women’s role in domestic waste management: A Case Study of Damaturu Town, Nigeria. Res. J. Geogr., 2(8): 1-9 (9 pages).

Weaver, R., (2015). Littering in context(s): Using a quasi-natural experiment to explore geographic influences on antisocial behavior. Appl. Geogr., 57: 142-153 (12 pages).

Yeni, Y.; Najmah, N.; Davies, S.G., (2020). Predicitive modeling, empowering women, and COVID-19 in South Sumatra, Indonesia. ASEAN J. Community Engagement, 4(1): 104-133 (30 pages).

Letters to Editor

GJESM Journal welcomes letters to the editor for the post-publication discussions and corrections which allows debate post publication on its site, through the Letters to Editor. Letters pertaining to manuscript published in GJESM should be sent to the editorial office of GJESM within three months of either online publication or before printed publication, except for critiques of original research. Following points are to be considering before sending the letters (comments) to the editor.

[1] Letters that include statements of statistics, facts, research, or theories should include appropriate references, although more than three are discouraged.
[2] Letters that are personal attacks on an author rather than thoughtful criticism of the author’s ideas will not be considered for publication.
[3] Letters can be no more than 300 words in length.
[4] Letter writers should include a statement at the beginning of the letter stating that it is being submitted either for publication or not.
[5] Anonymous letters will not be considered.
[6] Letter writers must include their city and state of residence or work.
[7] Letters will be edited for clarity and length.

CAPTCHA Image