Ashraf, M.; Foolad, M.R., (2007) Roles of glycine betaine and proline in improving plant abiotic stress resistance. Environ. Exp. Bot., (59): 206–216 (11 pages).
Carrier, P.; Baryla , A.; Havaus, M., (2003) Cadmium distribution and microlocalization in oilseed rape (Brassica napus) after long-term growth on cadmium-contaminated soil. Planta., (216): 939-950 (12 pages).
Claussen, W., (2005) Proline as a measure of stress in tomato plants. Plant Sci., (168): 241–248 (8 pages).
Delauney, A.J.; Verna, D.P.S., (1993) Proline biosynthesis and osmo regulation in plants. Plant J., (4) 215–223 (9 pages).
Ebbs, S.D.; Piccinin, R.C.; Goodger, J.Q.D.; Kolev, S.D.; Woodrow, I.E.; Baker, A.J.M., (2008) Transport of ferrocyanide by two eucalypt species and sorghum. Int. J. Phytorem., (10): 343–357 (15 pages).
Hare, P.D.; Cress, W.A.; van Staden, J., (1999) Proline synthesis and degradation: a model system for elucidating stress-related signal transduction. J. Exp. Bot., (50): 413–434 (22 pages).
Hasegawa, P.M.; Bressan, R.A.; Zhu, J.K.; Bohnert, H.J., (2000) Plant cellular and molecular responses to high salinity. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol., (51):463–499 (37 pages).
Khan, M.I.R.; Iqbal, N.; Masood, A.; Khan, N.A., (2012) Variation in salt tolerance of wheat cultivars: role of glycinebetaine and ethylene. Pedosphere., (22):746–754 (9 pages).
Kumar, A.K.; Prasad, M.N.V.; Achary, V.M.M.; Panda, B.B., (2013) Elucidation of lead-induced oxidative stress in Talinum triangulare roots by analysis of antioxidant responses and DNA damage at cellular level. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., (20): 4551–4561 (11 pages).
Islam, M.M.; Hoque, M.A.; Okuma, E.; Banu, M. N. A.; Shimoishi, Y.; Nakamura, Y.; Murata, Y., (2009) Exogenous proline and glycine betaine increase antioxidant enzyme activities and confer tolerance to cadmium stress in cultured tobacco cells. J. Plant Physiol., (166):1587–1597 (11 pages).
Li, H.S., (2006) Principles and Techniques of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, Higher Education Press: Beijing, China (In Chinese).
Mansour, M.M.F., (2000) Nitrogen containing compounds and adaptation of plants to salinity stress, Biol. Plant., (43): 491–500 (10 pages).
Mei, B.J.; Puryear, J.D.; Newton, R.J., (2002) Assessment of Cr tolerance and accumulation in selected plant species. Plant Soil., (247):223–231 (9 pages).
Misra, N.; Gupta, A.K., (2005) Effect of salt stress on proline metabolism in two high yielding genotypes of green gram. Plant Sci., (169) 331–339 (9 pages).
Ren, J.H.; Ma, L.Q.; Sun, H.J.; Cai, F.; Luo, J., (2014) Antimony uptake, translocation and speciation in rice plants exposed to antimonite and antimonate. Sci. Total Environ., (475):83–89 (7 pages).
Scoccianti, V.; Crinelli, R.; Tirillini, B.; Mancinelli, V.; Speranza, A., (2006) Uptake and toxicity of Cr in celery seedlings. Chemosphere., (64): 1695–1703 (9 pages).
Sharma, S.S.; Dietz, K.J., (2006) The significance of amino acids and amino acid-derived molecules in plant responses and adaptation to heavy metal stress., J. Exp. Bot., (57):711–726 (16 pages).
Sharma, S.; Villamor, J.G.; Verslues, P.E., (2011) Essential role of tissue- specific proline synthesis and catabolism in growth and redox balance at low water potential. Plant Physiol., (157): 292–304 (163pages).
Vajpayee, P.; Tripathi, R.D.; Rai, U.N.; Ali, M.B.; Singh, S.N., (2000) Chromium(VI) accumulation reduces chlorophyll biosynthesis, nitrate reductase activity and protein content in Nymphaea alba L. Chemosphere., (41): 1075–1082 (8 pages).
Verbruggen, N.; Hermans, C., (2008) Proline accumulation in plants: a review. Amino Acids., (35): 753–759 (7 pages).
Wang, F.J.; Zeng, B.; Sun, Z.X.; Zhu, C., (2009) Relationship between proline and Hg2+-induced oxidative stress in a tolerant rice mutant. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 56:723–731 (9 pages).
Wang, H.; Tang, X.; Wang, H.; Shao, H.B., (2015) Proline accumulation and metabolism-related genes expression profiles in Kosteletzkya virginica seedlings under salt stress. Front. Plant Sci., (6):792 (9 pages).
Yu, X.Z.; Peng, X, Y.; Xing, L.Q., (2010) Effect of temperature on phytoextraction of hexavalent and trivalent chromium by hybrid willows. Ecotoxicology., (19): 61–68 (8 pages).
Yu, X.Z.; Zhang, F.Z., (2013) Effects of exogenous thiocyanate on mineral nutrients, antioxidative responses and free amino acids in rice seedlings. Ecotoxicology., (22): 752–760 (9 pages).
Yu, X.Z.; Feng, Y.X.; Yue, D.M., (2015) Phytotoxicity of methylene blue to rice seedlings. Global J. Environ. Sci. Manage., (1):199-204 (6 pages).
Zar, J.H., (1999) Biostatistical analysis (4rd edition) Prentice Hall: New Jersey, USA.
Zhang, X.H.; Yu, X.Z.; Liang, Y.P., (2014) Parameter determination involved in phytotoxicity and transport of cadmium in rice seedlings. Int. Biodeter. Biodegra., (96): 121–126 (6 pages).
Letters to Editor
 Letters that include statements of statistics, facts, research, or theories should include appropriate references, although more than three are discouraged.
 Letters that are personal attacks on an author rather than thoughtful criticism of the author’s ideas will not be considered for publication.
 Letters can be no more than 300 words in length.
 Letter writers should include a statement at the beginning of the letter stating that it is being submitted either for publication or not.
 Anonymous letters will not be considered.
 Letter writers must include their city and state of residence or work.
 Letters will be edited for clarity and length.
Send comment about this article