Document Type: SPECIAL ISSUE


Institute of Finance, Banking and Accounting, Czestochowa University of Technology Faculty of Management, Czestochowa, Poland


Eco-innovation is any innovation that leads to sustainable development by limiting the negative impact of production activities on the environment, increasing the resilience of nature to loads or ensuring greater efficiency and responsibility in the use of natural resources. Eco-innovations are the opportunity for enterprises. Their introduction contributes to reducing the costs of doing business, allows you to take advantage of new opportunities development and positively affects the company's image. The main goal of the research is to recognize the situation and the level of eco-innovation in Poland, including the micro, small and medium enterprises sector and to compare the obtained results with the ones from European Union countries. The result of the research is indicating the barriers and opportunities to support the development of eco-innovation in the micro, small and medium enterprises sector in Poland. Lack of financial resources for eco-innovation was indicated as the largest barrier by MSMEs in Poland. The most significant barriers to eco-innovation in Poland are mainly of an economic nature, including the high cost of implementation, difficult access to capital, uncertain return on investment and the weak system of economic and fiscal incentives encouraging eco-innovation.


Main Subjects

Bień, E.; Wójcik-Mazur, A., (2014). The Effective Use of EU Funds for Environmental Activities in the Operational Program Infrastructure and Environment (OP I&E). Desalin. Water Treat., 52, 19-21: 3871-3878 (18 pages).

Borghesi, S.; Costantini, V.; Crespi, F.; Mazzanti, M., (2013). Environmental innovation and socio-economic dynamics in institutional and policy contexts. J. Evol. Econ., 23(2): 241–245 (5 pages).

Cainelli, G.; Mazzanti, M., (2013). Environmental innovations in services: manufacturing–services integration and policy transmissions. Res. Policy, 42: 1595–1604 (9 pages).

Colombo, L.A.; Pansera, M.; Owen, R., (2019). The discourse of eco-innovation in the European Union: An analysis of the Eco-Innovation Action Plan and Horizon 2020. J. Cleaner Product., 214: 653-665 (13 pages).

CCEP, (2011). Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. Innovation for a sustainable future – eco-innovation Action Plan (Eco-AP), the EUROPEAN COMMISSION, Brussels, on 15.12.2011 KOM.

CSO, (2016). Activity of non-financial enterprises in 2015, Central Statistical Office, Warszawa.

De Marchi, V., (2012). Environmental innovation and R&D cooperation: empirical evidence from Spanish manufacturing firms. Res. Policy, 41(3): 614–623 (10 pages).

Demirel, P.; Kesidou E., (2019). Sustainability‐oriented capabilities for eco‐innovation: Meeting the regulatory, technology, and market demands. Bus. Strategy Environ., 621-632 (12 pages).

Eryigit N.; Özcüre G., (2015). Eco-Innovation as modern era strategy of companies in developing countries: Comparison between Turkey and European Union. Procedia – Soc. Behav. Sci., 195: 1216-1225 (10 pages).

Europe, (2020).  A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. Commission Communication, European Commission, Bruksela.

Eurostat; ECORYS, (2009).  Study on the Competitiveness of the EU eco-industry Within the Framework Contract of Sectoral Competitiveness Studies–ENTR/06/054 Final Report – Part 1 Brussels, 09 October 2009, Eurostat and ECORYS SCS Group.

Flis, R., (2010). Eco-innovation of products and services, in: Woźniak, L., Strojny, J., Wojnicka, E. (Eds.), Eco-innovation in the practice of the functioning of SMEs (in Polish). Polska Agencja Rozwoju Przedsiębiorczości, Warszawa.

Foltynowicz, Z., (2008). Eco-innovation as an opportunity for development (in Polish). Katedra Ekologii Produktów, Wydział Towaroznawstwa, Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Poznaniu. Poznań.

Kuo, T-C.; Smith, S., (2018). A systematic review of technologies involving eco-innovation for enterprises moving towards sustainability. J. Cleaner Product., 192: 207-220 (14 pages).

Marin, G.; Marzucchi, A.; Zoboli, R., (2015). SMEs and barriers to Eco-innovation in the EU: exploring different firm profiles. J. Evol. Econ., 25(3): 671–705 (35 pages).

Moore, S.B.; Manring, S.L., (2009). Strategy development in small and medium sized enterprises for sustainability and increased value creation. J. Cleaner Product., 17(2): 276-282 (7 pages).

Nowak, M.M.; Szewczyk, Z., (2016). The role of eco-innovation in sustainable business development. Acta Sci. Academiae Ostroviensis, 8(2): 89-104 (16 pages).

Nulkar, G., (2014). SMEs and Environmental Performance – A Framework for Green Business Strategies. Procedia – Soc. Behav. Sci., 133: 130-140 (11 pages).

O’Brien, M.; Doranova, A.; Kably, N.; Kong, M.A.; Kern, O.; Giljum, S.; Gözet, B., (2018). Eco-Innovation of products: Case studies and policy lessons from EU Member States for a product policy framework that contributes to a circular economy. Biannual Report. 

Polzin, F.; von Flotow, P.; Klerkx, L., (2016). Addressing barriers to eco-innovation: Exploring the finance mobilisation functions of institutional innovation intermediaries. Technol. Forecasting Social Change, 103: 34-46 (13 pages).

Rossi, M.; Germani, M.; Zamagni, A., (2016). Review of ecodesign methods and tools. Barriers and strategies for an effective implementation in industrial companies. J. Cleaner Product., 129: 361-373 (13 pages).

Ryszko, A., (2014). Motivations and barriers to eco-innovation activity of enterprises in Poland (in Polish). Mod. Manage. Rev., XIX, 21: 127-138 (12 pages).

Scarpellini, S.; Valero-Gil, J.; Portillo-Tarragona, P., (2016). The “economic–finance interface” for eco-innovation projects. Int. J. Project Manage., 34(6): 1012-1025 (14 pages).

Scarpellini, S.; Marín-Vinuesa, L.M.; Portillo-Tarragona, P.; Moneva, J.M., (2018). Defining and measuring different dimensions of financial resources for business eco-innovation and the influence of the firms' capabilities. J. Cleaner Product., 204: 258-269 (12 pages).

Schmidt-Bleek, F., (2000). Preface, in: Reid, A., Miedzinski, M., Eco-innovation, final report for sectoral innovation watch. Technopolis Group, Brighton, Rennings.

Tylec, A.; Ostraszewska Z., (2015). Reverse innovation – haw it works. Int. J. Bus. Manage., 3(1): 57-74 (18 pages).

Tylec, A.; Ostraszewska Z.; Bubel D.; Turek T., (2015). Innovation in Developing Countries - a New Approach. EIRP Proceedings, 10:  648-657 (10 pages).

Wielgórka, D., (2018). The Analysis of the functioning of eco-innovative activity of the sector of micro, small and medium enterprises. Eng. Protect. Environ., 21: 51-65 (14 pages).

Wielgórka, D., (2011). Sources of financing investment decisions in supported employment enterprises in the Silesian Voivodeship, in: Uziębło, A. (Eds.), Financial and investment decisions in the market economy – new challenges and opportunities (in Polish). WSB, Gdańsk.

Wolski, P.; Zawieja, I., (2014). Hybrid conditioning before anaerobic digestion for the improvement of sewage sludge dewatering. Desalin. Water Treat., 52, 19-21: 3725-3731 (7 pages).

Ziółkowski, B.; Woźniak, L., (2010). The foundations and the environmental prospect as the determinants of the innovative behavior model of the company, in: Woźniak, L., Strojny, J., Wojnicka, E. (Eds.), Eco-innovation in the practice of the functioning of SMEs (in Polish). Polska Agencja Rozwoju Przedsiębiorczości, Warszawa.



Wielgórka, D.; Szczepaniak, W., (2019). Eco-innovation of enterprises operating in Poland against the background of European Union countries. Global. J. Environ. Sci. Manage., 5(SI): 113-121.

Letters to Editor

GJESM Journal welcomes letters to the editor for the post-publication discussions and corrections which allows debate post publication on its site, through the Letters to Editor. Letters pertaining to manuscript published in GJESM should be sent to the editorial office of GJESM within three months of either online publication or before printed publication, except for critiques of original research. Following points are to be considering before sending the letters (comments) to the editor.

[1] Letters that include statements of statistics, facts, research, or theories should include appropriate references, although more than three are discouraged.
[2] Letters that are personal attacks on an author rather than thoughtful criticism of the author’s ideas will not be considered for publication.
[3] Letters can be no more than 300 words in length.
[4] Letter writers should include a statement at the beginning of the letter stating that it is being submitted either for publication or not.
[5] Anonymous letters will not be considered.
[6] Letter writers must include their city and state of residence or work.
[7] Letters will be edited for clarity and length.