Faculty of Economy, Universitas Negeri Padang, Hamka street, Padang 25171, Indonesia


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Manager involvement is very important in environmental protection. Since then, many managers have integrated environmental sustainability into their business strategies by adopting green practices that focus on green products. The aim of the current study is to examine the effect of environmental knowledge on green products and the mediating role of environmental awareness and environmentally friendly attitudes
METHODS: This study used a structured questionnaire for collecting data, where respondents were asked to provide their responses to green products produced by environmentally friendly manufacturing companies. The partial least squares structural equation modeling was used to test and analyze the relationships in the proposed model.
FINDINGS: The results of the study explained that in order to create a green product, managers'' awareness of the environment needs to be formed which can be realized by the presence of a number of knowledge about the environment. Thus, environmental awareness is a mediator between environmental knowledge and green products. However, an environmentally friendly attitude is not a mediator between environmental knowledge and green products.
CONCLUSION: Managers'' awareness of the environment must be realized by sharing knowledge about the importance of protecting the environment because this will affect the production of green products.

Graphical Abstract

The role of knowledge, awareness and environmental attitudes in green product management


  • Managers'' awareness of the environment needs to be formed which can be realized by the presence of a number of knowledge about the environment;
  • Environmental knowledge had a significant direct impact on green product and environmental awareness;
  • Environmental awareness mediated the relationship between environmental knowledge and green products.


Main Subjects


©2023 The author(s). This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit:


GJESM Publisher remains neutral concerning jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affliations.


Google Scholar Scopus Web of Science PlumX Metrics Altmetrics Mendeley |


GJESM Publisher

Letters to Editor

GJESM Journal welcomes letters to the editor for the post-publication discussions and corrections which allows debate post publication on its site, through the Letters to Editor. Letters pertaining to manuscript published in GJESM should be sent to the editorial office of GJESM within three months of either online publication or before printed publication, except for critiques of original research. Following points are to be considering before sending the letters (comments) to the editor.

[1] Letters that include statements of statistics, facts, research, or theories should include appropriate references, although more than three are discouraged.
[2] Letters that are personal attacks on an author rather than thoughtful criticism of the author’s ideas will not be considered for publication.
[3] Letters can be no more than 300 words in length.
[4] Letter writers should include a statement at the beginning of the letter stating that it is being submitted either for publication or not.
[5] Anonymous letters will not be considered.
[6] Letter writers must include their city and state of residence or work.
[7] Letters will be edited for clarity and length.