Antarctica Laboratory, R & D Division, Shriram Institute for Industrial Research, 19, University Road, Delhi-110 007, India


The Larsemann Hills range is an ice-free oasis on the Ingrid Christensen Coast of Princess Elizabeth Land, East Antarctica, which includes Bharti Island, Fisher Island, McLeod Island, Broknes Peninsula, Stornes Peninsula, and several other islands, promontories, and nunataks. The Larsemann Hills is an ice-free area of approximately 50 km2, located halfway between the Vestfold Hills and the Amery Ice Shelf on the south-eastern coast of Prydz Bay, Princess Elizabeth Land, East Antarctica. The ice-free area consists of two major peninsulas (Stornes and Broknes), four minor peninsulas, and approximately 130 near shore islands. The Larsemann Hills area contains more than 150 lakes at different Islands and peninsulas. Bharti Island of Larsemann Hills in east Antarctica was selected as a sampling site for the present study. Water sample was collected from a freshwater lake during XXXth Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica (ISEA) and analyzed for the physico-chemical parameters, major elements, trace metals and major plankton diversity in surface lake water by following standard methodology. The concentrations of metals Cu, Pb, Cd, Zn and Cr were measured using Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES). Phytoplankton and zooplankton were also assessed in the aquatic ecosystem of Lake L3 at Bharti Island, Larsemann Hills over east Antarctica. Psychrophillic bacteria were found 71 cfu in lake water, while total bacterial count was found to be 5.4 × 102cfu.


APHA, (2005). Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. 21st Ed. American Public Health Association, APHA, AWWA, WEF, Washington, D. C. pp: 1170.
Bharti, P.K.; Gajananda, Kh., (2013). Environmental monitoring and assessment in Antarctica, In: Environmental Health and Problems, Discovery Publishing House, Delhi, 178-186 (9 pages).
Bharti, P.K., (2012a). Anthropogenic activities and global climate change, In: Climate change and Agriculture (Eds.Bharti, P.K. and Chauhan, A.), Discovery Publishing House, Delhi, 1-22 (22 pages).
Bharti, P.K., (2012b). Environmental monitoring and assessment during the construction of Indian scientific base (Bharti Station) in Antarctica, In: Biodiversity Conservation and Environmental Management (Eds. Khanna et al.), Biotech Books, Delhi, 81-97(17 pages).
Bhat, F.A.; Yousuf, A.R.; Aftab, A.; Arshid, J.; Mahdi, M. D.; Balkhi, M.H., (2011). Ecology and biodiversity in Pangong Tso (lake) and its inlet stream in Ladakh, India, Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv., 3(10): 501-511(11 pages).
Campbell, P.G.C.; Lewis, A.G.; Chapman, P.M.; Crowder, A.A.; Fletcher, W.K.; Imber, B.; Luoma, S.N.; Stokes, P.M.; Winfrey, M., (1988). Biologically Available Metals in Sediments, Publication No. NRCC 27694, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, Canada.
Carrera, G.; Fernandez, P.; Grimalt, J.O.; Ventura, M.; Camarero, L.; Catalan, J.; Nickus, U.; Thies, H.; Psenner, R., (2002). Atmospheric deposition of organochlorine compounds to remote high mountain lakes of Europe, Environ. Sci. Technol., (36): 2581-2588 (8 pages).
Gibbs, R.J., (1970). Mechanisms Controlling World’s Water Chemistry, Sci., (170): 1080-1090 (11 pages).
Gupta, R.K., (2002). Morphotaxonomical survey of diatoms in Schirmacher Oasis, east Antarctica. Eighteenth Indian Expedition to Antarctica Scientific Report, Department of Ocean Development, Technical Publication No.16: 213-226 (14 pages).
Hofer, R.; Lackner, R.; Kargl, J.; Thaler, B.; Tait, D.; Bonetti, L.; Vistocco, R.; Flaim, G., (2001). Organo-chlorine and metal accumulation in fish (Phoxinus phoxinus) along a northsouth transect in the Alps, Water Air Soil Pollut., (125): 189-200 (12 pages).
Palanisamy, M., (2010). Studies on Diatom flora of Schirmacher Oasis, east Antarctica, Twenty-third Indian Expedition to Antarctica Scientific Report, NCAOR, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Technical Publication No.21: 173-190 (18 pages).
Rogora, M.; Mosello, R.; Arisci, S.; Brizzio, M.C.; Barbieri, A.; Balestrini, R.; Waldner, P.; Schmitt, M.; Stahli, M.; Thimonier, A.; Kalina, M.; Puxbaum, H.; Nickus, U.; Ulrich, E.; Probst, A., (2006). An overview of atmospheric
deposition chemistry over the Alps: present status and longterm trends, Hydrobiologia, (562): 17-40 (24 pages).
Shrivastava, P.K.; Asthana, R.; Beg, M.J.; Ravindra, R., (2011). Ionic Characters of Lake Water of Bharti Promontory, Larsemann Hills, East Antarctica. J. Geol. Society of India, (78): 217-225 (9 pages).
Shrivastava, H.B.; Beg, M.J.; Kumar, P.; Shrivastava, P.K.; Asthana, R. , (2013). Hydrochemistry and sediment characteristics of polar periglacial lacustrine environments on Fisher Island and the Broknes Peninsula, East Antarctica, Adv. Polar Sci., (24): 281-295 (15 pages).
SIIR, (2012). Long term environmental monitoring study at new scientific base Bharti at Larsemann Hills, 27th, 28th, 29th, 30th ISEA combined report to NCAOR, submitted by Shriram Institute of Industrial Research, Delhi, India.
Trivedi, R.K.; Goel, P.K., (1984). Chemical and biological methods for water pollution studies. Environ. Media Publication, Karad. pp: 225.

Letters to Editor

GJESM Journal welcomes letters to the editor for the post-publication discussions and corrections which allows debate post publication on its site, through the Letters to Editor. Letters pertaining to manuscript published in GJESM should be sent to the editorial office of GJESM within three months of either online publication or before printed publication, except for critiques of original research. Following points are to be considering before sending the letters (comments) to the editor.

[1] Letters that include statements of statistics, facts, research, or theories should include appropriate references, although more than three are discouraged.
[2] Letters that are personal attacks on an author rather than thoughtful criticism of the author’s ideas will not be considered for publication.
[3] Letters can be no more than 300 words in length.
[4] Letter writers should include a statement at the beginning of the letter stating that it is being submitted either for publication or not.
[5] Anonymous letters will not be considered.
[6] Letter writers must include their city and state of residence or work.
[7] Letters will be edited for clarity and length.