Environmental Engineering
1. Converting the cigarette butts into valuable products using the pyrolysis process

M. Hazbehiean; N. Mokhtarian; A. Hallajisani

Volume 8, Issue 1 , Winter 2022, , Pages 133-150

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/gjesm.2022.01.10

Abstract
  More than 5.5 trillion cigarettes are manufactured, and approximately 4.5 trillion cigarette butts are being scattered across the globe per year. These cigarette butts are considered as one of the most hazardous wastes and environmental threats in the world. Thermochemical techniques can be used to turn ...  Read More

2. Biochar impact on physiological and biochemical attributes of Spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) in nickel contaminated soil

U. Younis; M. Athar; S.A. Malik; M.H. Raza Shah; S. Mahmood

Volume 1, Issue 3 , Summer 2015, , Pages 245-254

http://dx.doi.org/10.7508/gjesm.2015.03.007

Abstract
  Disastrous effect of nickel on spinach was discussed by number of authors but the effect of amendments like biochar with nickel on Spinacea oleraceaL. is not still discussed by any author of the world because biochar was used as soil amendments which play a vital role in reducing mobilization and uptake ...  Read More