Hazard assessment for a pharmaceutical mixture detected in the upper Tennessee River using Daphnia magna

D. Wolfe; M. Schorr; M. Hanson; C.H. Nelson; S.M. Richards

Volume 1, Issue 1 , January 2015, , Pages 1-14


  Widespread use of pharmaceuticals has resulted in mixture concentrations ranging from mg/L in effluent to µg/L concentrations in surface water. In a 2008 study, 13 pharmaceuticals, ranging in amounts from 0.0028 to 0.1757 µg/l, were identified in the Tennessee River, USA and its tributaries. ...  Read More