Environmental Management
Life cycle assessment of paper products based on recycled and virgin fiber

J. Simamora; E.I. Wiloso; M. Yani

Volume 9, Special Issue (Eco-Friendly Sustainable Management) , November 2023, , Pages 89-106


  BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Virgin wood fiber and recycled waste paper are the main raw materials for paper production. Virgin wood-fiber paper appears less favorable than recycled paper, as recycled paper generally consumes more natural resources. Some indicators raise questions about the product being ...  Read More