1Department of Civil Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2Department of Civil Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Tehran South Branch, Tehran, Iran
The present study was carried out to determine the possible origins of sediments entering Taleghan Dam in northern part of Iran, in order to avoid further sedimentation and helping in extension of the useful life of the proposed dam. This was performed by XRD analysis. To do so, first of all, sediment sampling points were positioned along the Taleghan River. The collected samples, after coding, were transferred to the laboratory for mineralogical testing. Then, the samples were exposed to X-ray diffraction analysis. The experimental results were compared with data from geology, land cover land use and slope maps in order to find the possible primary origins of deposits in the Taleghan Dam. Furthermore, the geological formations and physiographical parameter such as slope were also analyzed to test erodibility of the formations. The results showed that most sediment samples in Taleghan are of sedimentary sandstone, mainly containing the quartz and plagioclase minerals (quartz sandstone and arkose sandstone). The findings also showed that calcite and dolomite were abundant in the collected samples, while aragonite and anthracite were found to a lesser extent in the samples. Accordingly, acidic and alkaline formations, mudstone, and siltstone of Karaj area formations, the gypsum of upper red formation, particularly at places with steep slope with a dominance of rangeland land use type, are main origins of sediments in the Taleghan reservoir. In another hand, the control of sediments at these areas would substantially decrease total sediment yields of the entire basin as in the dam reservoir.
Most of the sediment samples in Taleghan are of sedimentary sandstone
Calcite, dolomite, aragonite, and anthracite are abundant in the collected samples
Acidic and alkaline formations, mudstone, and siltstone of Karaj Formations, the gypsum of upper red formation are main origins of sediments in the Taleghan reservoir
Afshar, S.; Shamsai, A., Saghafian, B., (2016). Dam sediment tracking using spectrometry and Landsat 8 satellite image, Taleghan Basin, Iran. Environ. Monit. Assess., 188(2):104.
Andredaki, M.; Georgoulas, A.; Hrissanthou, V.; Kotsovinos, N., (2014). Assessment of reservoir sedimentation effect on coastal erosion in the case of Nestos River, Greece. Int. J. Sediment Res., 29(1): 34-48 (5 Pages).
Behrangi, F.; Banihashemi, M.A.; Mahani, Sh.; Rahmanian, M.R., (2014), Sediment settling in the Latian Dam in Iran. Int. J. Sediment Res., 29(2): 208-217 (10 Pages).
Benedetti, M.M.; Raber, M.J.; Smith, M.S.; Leonard, L.A., (2013). Mineralogical indicators of alluvial sediment sources in the Cape Fear River Basin, North Carolina. Phys. Geogr., 27(3): 258-281 (23 Pages).
Biba, S., (2012). China's Continuous Dam-building on the Mekong River. J. Contem. Asia., 42(4): 603-628 (26 Pages).
Dotterweich, M.; Rodzik, J.; Zgłobicki, W.; Schmitt, A.; Schmidtchen, G.; Bork, H. R.,(2012). High resolution gully erosion and sedimentation processes, and land use changes since the Bronze Age and future trajectories in the Kazimierz Dolny area (Nałęczów Plateau, SE-Poland). CATENA, 95: 50–62 (13 Pages).
Farajzadeh, S.; Salajegheh, A.; Ahmadi, H.; Hosseini, S.A., (2014). Determining the best method for estimating the bed load through HEC-RAS Model (a case study for Taleghan Dam). Bull. Environ. Pharmacol. Life Sci., 3(3): 20-27 (8 Pages).
Frémion, F.; Bordas, F.; Mourier, B.; Lenain, J.F.; Kestens, T.; Courtin-Nomade, A., (2016). Influence of dams on sediment continuity: A study case of a natural metallic contamination. Sci. Total Environ., 547: 282-294 (13 Pages).
Frihy, O.; Deabes, E.; Moufaddal, W.; El-Shahat, A., (2014). Recycling of coastal dredged sediments from the northern Nile Delta, Egypt, for heavy minerals exploitation. Mar. Georesour. Geotec., 33(5): 408-418 (11 Pages).
Fryirs, K.; Gore, D., (2013). Sediment tracing in the upper Hunter catchment using elemental and mineralogical compositions: Implications for catchment-scale suspended sediment (dis)connectivity and management. Geomorphology, 193, 112-121(10 Pages).
Gougazeh, M.; Al-Shabatat, A., (2013). Geological and geotechnical properties of soil materials at Tannur dam, Wadi Al Hasa, South Jordan. J. Taibah Univ. Sci., 7(4): 216-224 (9 Pages).
Green, M.O. (2013). Catchment sediment load limits to achieve estuary sedimentation targets. New Zeal J Mar Fresh Res, 47 (2): 153-180 (28 Pages).
Heidarnejad, M.; Hassan Golmaee, S.; Mosaedi, A.; Ahmadi, M.Z., (2006). Estimation of Sediment volume in Karaj Dam Reservoir (Iran) by hydrometry method and a comparison with hydrography Method. Lake Reserv. Manag., 22(3): 233-239 (7 Pages).
Hillier, S., (2001). Particulate composition and origin of suspended sediment in the R. Don, Aberdeenshire, UK. Sci. Total Environ., 265(1–3): 281-293 (13 Pages).
Hosseini, H.; Ghafouri, A.M.; Amin, M.S.M.; Tabatabaei, M.R.; Goodarzi, M.; Abde Kolahchi, A., (2012). Effects of land use changes on water balance in Taleghan Catchment, Iran. J. Agr. Sci. Tech., 14: 1159-1172 (14 Pages).
Howell, A.L.; Bentley, S.J.; Xu, K.; Ferrell, R.E.; Muhammad, Z.; Septama, E., (2014). Fine sediment mineralogy as a tracer of latest quaternary sediment delivery to a dynamic continental margin: Pandora trough, Gulf of Papua, Papua New Guinea. Mar. Geol., 357: 108-122 (15 Pages).
Huffaker, R., Hotchkiss, R., (2006). Economic dynamics of reservoir sedimentation management: Optimal control with singularly perturbed equations of motion. J. Econ. Dyn. Cont., 30(12): 2553-2575 (23 Pages).
Issa, I.E.; Al-Ansari, N.; Sherwany, G.; Knutsson, S., (2016). Evaluation and modification of some empirical and semi-empirical approaches for prediction of area-storage capacity curves in reservoirs of dams. Int. J. Sediment Res., corrected proof, Available online 11 January 2016.
Kheirkhah Zarkesh, M.M.; Ghoddusi, J.; Zaredar, N.; Soltani, M.J.; Jafari, S.; Moore T.R., (2010). Dissolved organic carbon in a northern boreal landscape. Global Biogeochem. Cy., 17(4): 1109.
Lu, X.X.; Oeurng, Ch.; Quynh Le, T.Ph.; Thi Thuy, D., (2015). Sediment budget as affected by construction of a sequence of dams in the lower Red River, Viet Nam. Geomorphology, 248: 125-133 (9 Pages).
Palmieri, A.; Shah, F.; Dinar, A., (2001). Economics of reservoir sedimentation and sustainable management of dams. J. Environ. Manag., 61(2): 149-163 (15 Pages).
Ryan, P.C.; Wall, A.J.; Hillier, S.; Clark, L., (2002). Insights into sequential chemical extraction procedures from quantitative XRD: A study of trace metal partitioning in sediments related to frog malformities. Chem. Geol., 184(3–4): 337-357 (21 Pages).
Shia, Z.; Wanga, X.; Nia, Sh., (2014). Metal Contamination in sediment of one of the upper reaches of the Yangtze River: Mianyuan River in Longmenshan Region, Southwest of China. Soil Sed. Contam., 24(4): 368-385(18 Pages).
Sprague, C.J.; Sprague, J.E., (2016). 24 - Geosynthetics in erosion and sediment control. Geotextiles, 531-562 (32 Pages).
Umar, H.; Rahman, S.; Yasir Baeda, A.; Klara, S., (2015). Identification of coastal problem and prediction of coastal erosion sedimentation in South Sulawesi. Procedia Eng., 116, 125-133 (9 Pages).
Velegrakis, A.F.; Vousdoukas, M.I.; Andreadis, O.; Adamakis, G.; Pasakalidou, E.; Sharma, S.; Singh, D. N., (2014). Characterization of sediments for sustainable development: State of the Art. Mar. Georesour. Geotech., 33(5): 447-465 (19 Pages).
Walker, J. C.G. (1986). Global geochemical cycles of carbon, sulfur and oxygen. Mar. Geol., 70, 159-174 (16 Pages).
Wang, Zh.Y.; Lin B., (2004). Sediment studies and management strategies in China. Int. J. River Bas. Manag., 2(1): 39-50 (12 Pages).
Whitney, J. W.; Glancy, P. A.; Buckingham, S. E.; Ehrenberg, A.C., (2015). Effects of rapid urbanization on streamflow, erosion, and sedimentation in a desert stream in the American Southwest. Anthropocene, 10, 29-42 (14 Pages).
Article View: 969
PDF Download: 1,276
Letters to Editor
GJESM welcomes letters to the editor. Letters pertaining to manuscript published in GJESM should be sent to the editorial office of GJESM within three months of either online publication or before printed publication, except for critiques of original research. Following points are to be considering before sending the letters (comments) to the editor.
 Letters that include statements of statistics, facts, research, or theories should include appropriate references, although more than three are discouraged.
 Letters that are personal attacks on an author rather than thoughtful criticism of the author’s ideas will not be considered for publication.
 Letters can be no more than 300 words in length.
 Letter writers should include a statement at the beginning of the letter stating that it is being submitted either for publication or not.
 Anonymous letters will not be considered.
 Letter writers must include their city and state of residence or work.
 Letters will be edited for clarity and length.