2Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Bari, via Orabona 4- IT-70125 Bari, Italy
3Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Via Orabona 4, IT-70125 Bari, Italy
During the last years, several exceedances of PM10 and benzo(a)pyrene limit values exceedances were recorded in Taranto, a city in southern Italy included in so-called areasat high riskof environmental crisis because of the presence of a heavy industrial district including the largest steel factory in Europe. A study of these critical pollution events showed a close correlation with the wind coming from the industrial site to the adjacent urban area. During 2011, at monitoring sites closes to the industrial area, at least the 65% of PM10 exceedances were related to wind day conditions (characterized by at least 3 consecutive hours of wind coming from 270-360±2deg with an associated speed higher than 7 m/s). For this reason, in 2012 an integrated environmental permit and a regional air quality plan were enacted to reduce pollutant emissions from industrial plants. A study of PM10 levels registered during windy days was performed during critical episodes of pollution highlighting that the difference between windy days and no windy days’ concentrations reduces from 2012 to 2014 in industrial site. False negative events (verified ex-post by observed meteorological data) not identified by the forecast model - did not show a significant influence on PM concentration: PM10 values were comparable and sometimes lower than windy days levels. It is reasonable that the new scenario with a relevant reduction emissions form Ilva plant reduced the pollutants contribution from industrial area, contributing to PM10 levels decrease, also in false negative events.
Several PM10 and benzo(a)pyrene limit value exceedances were recorded in Taranto
Critical pollution events showed a close correlation with wind conditions, encouraging the pollutants transport from the industrial site to the adjacent urban area
Apulia Government adopted the regional air quality plan to reduce by 10% B(a)P and PM10 emissions by diffuse and point sources respect to mean daily values
The number of PM10 exceedances and BaP concentration decreases in industrial site after the plan enaction
Amodio, M.; Andriani, E.; de Gennaro, G.; Di Gilio, A.; Ielpo, P.; Placentino, C.M.; Tutino, M., (2013). How a steel plant affects air quality of a nearby urban area: A study on metals and PAH concentrations. Aerosol Air Qual. Res., 13: 497–508 (10 pages).
Amodio, M.; Caselli,M.; Daresta, B.E.; de Gennaro, G.; Ielpo, P.; Placentino C.M.;Tutino, M., (2008). Air quality impact for industrial area of Taranto city (south Italy): a multivariate statistical analysis application. Chem. Eng. T., 16: 193-200 (8 pages).
Arpa, P., (2010). Regionalatmospheric emissions inventory. Available at http://www.inemar.arpa.puglia.it/
Brunekreef, B; Holgate, S.T., (2002). Air pollution and health. Lancet, 360: 1233-1242 (10 pages).
Carslaw, C.; Ropkins, K., (2013). Open air: Open source tools for the analysis of air pollution data. R package version 3.1.2.
Escudero, M.; Xerol, X.; Pey, J.; Alastuey, A.; Perez, N.; Ferreira, F.; Alonso, S.; Rodriguez, S.; Cuevas, E., (2007). A methodology for the quantification of the net African dust load in air quality monitoring networks. Atmos. Environ., 41: 5516–5524 (9 pages).
Fedele, F.; Menegotto, M.; Trizio, L.; Angiuli, L.; Guarnieri Calò Carducci, A.; Bellotti, R.; Giua, R.; Assennato, G., (2014). Meteorological effects on Pm10 concentrations in a urban industrial site: a statistical analysis. Conference proceedings: 1st International Conference on Atmospheric Dust 2014.
Ferin, J.; Oberdoster, G.; Penney, D.P., (1992). Pulmonary retention of ultrafine and fine particles in rats. Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol., 6: 535-542 (8 pages).
Fisher, R.; Hein, M. (2001). Environmental control of European coking plants at the beginning of the 21st century. Coke Making Int., 1: 68-73 (6 pages).
Fisher, R., (2001) Sources, measurement and control of fugitive emissions in the coke making process. In the coke oven manager’s year book, Mexbomugh, UK, 87–105 (18 pages).
Haddow, A.; Scott, C.M.; Scott, J.D., (1937). The Influence of certain carcinogenic and other hydrocarbons on body growth in the rat. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B Biological Science 122: 477.
Khalili, N.R.; Scheff, P.A.; Holsen, T.M., (1995). PAH source fingerprints for coke ovens, diesel and gasoline engines, highway tunnels, and wood combustion emissions. Atmos. Environ., 29: 533-542 (10 pages).
Perez, L.; Tobias, A., Kunzli, N.; Pey, J.; Querol, X.; Alastue,y A.; Viana, M.; Valero, N.; González-Cabre, M.; Sunyer, J. (2008). Coarse particles from Saharan dust and daily mortality. Epidemiol., 19(6): 800–807 (7 pages).
Perrone, M.G.; Gualtieri, M.; Ferrero, L.; Porto, C.L.; Udisti, R.; Bolzacchini, E.; Camatini, M., (2010). Seasonal variations in chemical composition and in vitro biological effects in fine PM from Milan. Chemosphere, 78: 1368 – 1377 (10 pages).
Polichetti, G.; Cocco, S.; Spinali, A.; Trimarco, V.; Nunziata, A., (2009). Effects of particulate matter (PM10, PM2.5 and PM1) on the cardiovascular system. Toxicol., 261: 1-8 (8 pages).
Regione, P., (2012). Piano contenente le prime misure di intervento per il risanamento della qualità dell’aria nel quartiere Tamburi (Ta) per gli inquinanti PM10 e Benzo(a)Pirene ai sensi del D.lgs.155/2010 art. 9 comma 1 e comma 2.
Sai, J.H.; Lin, K.H.; Chen, C.Y.; Ding, J.Y.; Choa, C.G.;Chiang H.L., (2007). Chemical Constituents in Particulate Emissions from an Integrated Iron and Steel Facility. J Hazard Mater, 147: 111–119 (9 pages).
Seaton, A.; MacNee, W.; Donaldson, K.; Godden D., (1995). Particulate air pollution and acute health effects. Lancet, 345: 176-178 (3 pages).
US EPA, (2001). Emissions factor documentation for ap-42, section 12-2: Coke production. United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA), 7D-1554-NALX.
Utell, M.J.; Frampton, M.W., (2000). Acute health effects of ambient air pollution: the ultrafine particle hypothesis. J. Aerosol Med., 13: 355-359 (5 pages).
Yang, H.H.; Lai, S.O.; Hsieh, L.T.; Hsueh, H.J.; Chi T.W., (2002). Profiles of PAH mission from steel and iron industries. Chemosphere, 48: 1061–1074 (14 pages).
Article View: 1,713
PDF Download: 2,622
Letters to Editor
GJESM welcomes letters to the editor. Letters pertaining to manuscript published in GJESM should be sent to the editorial office of GJESM within three months of either online publication or before printed publication, except for critiques of original research. Following points are to be considering before sending the letters (comments) to the editor.
 Letters that include statements of statistics, facts, research, or theories should include appropriate references, although more than three are discouraged.
 Letters that are personal attacks on an author rather than thoughtful criticism of the author’s ideas will not be considered for publication.
 Letters can be no more than 300 words in length.
 Letter writers should include a statement at the beginning of the letter stating that it is being submitted either for publication or not.
 Anonymous letters will not be considered.
 Letter writers must include their city and state of residence or work.
 Letters will be edited for clarity and length.