1Department of Chemistry, Rajasthan Institute of Engineering and Technology, Bhankrota, Jaipur, India
2Department of Chemistry and Centre for Air and Water Modeling, Suresh Gyan, Vihar University, Jaipur 302025, India
Water is a unique natural resource among all sources available on earth. It plays an important role in economic development and the general well-being of the country. This study aimed at using the application of water quality index in evaluating the ground water quality innorth-east area of Jaipur in pre and post monsoon for public usage. Total eleven physico–chemical characteristics; total dissolved solids, total hardness,chloride, nitrate, electrical conductance, sodium, fluorideand potassium, pH, turbidity, temperature) were analyzed and observed values were compared with standard values recommended by Indian standard and World Health Organization. Most of parameter show higher value than permissible limit in pre and post monsoon. Water quality index study showed that drinking water in Amer (221.58,277.70), Lalawas (362.74,396.67), Jaisinghpura area (286.00,273.78) were found to be highly contaminated due to high value of total dissolved solids, electrical conductance, total hardness, chloride, nitrate and sodium.Saipura (122.52, 131.00), Naila (120.25, 239.86), Galta (160.9, 204.1) were found to be moderately contaminated for both monsoons. People dependent on this water may prone to health hazard. Therefore some effective measures are urgently required to enhance the quality of water in these areas.
Determined various physico-chemical parameters of groundwater for both pre and post monsoon periods in north-east area of Jaipur
The correlation between the physico-chemical parameters to identify the most influencing parameters for water contamination
Calculated the water quality index (WQI) to identify the suitability of groundwater for drinking purposes
The remedial measures suggestion to enhance the quality of contaminated groundwater
Akpabli, C.K; Amoako, C.; Acheampong, K., (2002). Quality evaluation of natural mineral water produced in Ghana, J. Appl. Sci. Tech., 7 (1-2): 71-76 (6 pages).
APHA, (1998). Standard method for examination of water and wastewater, 28th. Ed. American Public Health Association, Washington, D C.
BIS (1991). Indian Standard Drinking Water: Specification (BIS 10500); New Delhi, Bureau of Indian Standards.
Bharti, N.; Katyal, D., (2011). Water quality indices used for surface water vulnerability assessment, Int. J. Environ. Sci., 2: 154-172 (19 pages).
Chaturvedi, M.K.; Bassin, J.K., (2010). Assessing the water quality index of water treatment plant and Bore wells, in Delhi, India. Environ. Monit. Assess.163: 449-453 (5 pages).
Chartterjee, R.; Tarafder, G.; Paul S., (2010), Groundwater quality assessment of Dhanbad District, District, Jharkhand, India, Bull. Eng. Geol. Environ. 69:137-141(5 pages).
Guidelines for drinking water quality (1996). 2th. Ed., World Health Organization, Geneva, Gajendran, C.; Thamarai, P., (2008) Study on Statistical relationship between ground water quality parameters in Nambiyar River basin, Tamilnadu, India. Poll. Res. 27(4): 679-683 ( 5 pages) .
Goyal P.K; (2006). Water pollution causes; Effects the control. 2th. Ed. International Limited Publishers, New Age Publishers.
Hameed, A.; Alobaidy, M. J.; Abid, H. S.; Maulood, B. K, (2010). Application of water quality index for assessment of Dokan Lake ecosystem, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. J. Water Res. Prot., 2 (9): 792-798. (8 pages). DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2010.29093
Jothivenkatachalam, K.; Nithya, A.; Mohan, S. C., (2010). Correlation analysis of drinking water quality in and around Perur Block of Coimbatore District, Tamil Nadu, India, Rasayan. J. Chem., 3(4): 649-654 (6 pages).
Karbassi, A.R.; Pazoki, M., (2015). Environmental qualitative assessment of rivers sediments. Global J. Environ. Sci. Manage. 1(2): 109-116 (8 pages).
Kumar, K.S.; Kumar, R. R., (2011), Analysis of water quality parameters of groundwater near Ambattur Industrial area, Tamil Nadu, India. Indian J. Sci. Tech., 4(5):1732-1736 (5 pages).
Nagarajan, R.; Rajmohan, N.; Mahendran, U.; Senthamilkumar, S., (2010). Evaluation of groundater quality and its suitability for drinking and agricultural use in Thanjavur city, Tamil Nadu, India, Environ. Monit. Assess., 171(1-4): 289-308 ( 19 pages).
Ramakrishna, C. H.; Rao, D.M.; Rao, K. S.; Srinivas, N., (2009) Studies on groundwater quality in slums of Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, Asian J. Chem., 21(6): 4246-4250 ( 5 pages).
Saeedi, M.; Abessi, O.; Sharifi, F; Meraji, H., (2010 ). Development of Ground Water Quality Index , Environ. Monit. Assess. 163: 327-335 ( 9 pages).
Shankar, S.; Latha, S., (2008), Assessment of water quality index for the ground water of an industrial area in Bangalore, India. Environ. Eng. Sci., 25(6): 911-916 (6 pages).
Sharma, S.; Chhipa, R. C.; (2012), Evaluation and optimization of water quality index for ground water source of North West , Jaipur and agglomerates. Int. J. Chem. Sci., 10(4): 2297-2305 (9 pages).
Sharma, S.; Chhipa, R.C., (2013). Interpretation of ground water quality parameter for selected area of Jaipur using regression and correlation analysis, J. Sci. Ind. Res., 72: 781-783 (3 pages).
Srivastava, S. K; Ramanathan, A. L.,(2008), Geochemical assessment of groundwater quality in vicinity of Bhalswa landfill, Delhi, India, using graphical and multivariate statistical methods. Environ. Geol. 53: 1509–1528 (20 pages).
Subba, R.N.,(2009). Fluoride in groundwater, Varaha River Basin, Visakhapatnam District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Environ. Monit. Assess., 152(1-4): 47-60 (14 pages).
Yadav, A. K.; Khan, P.; Sharma, S. K., (2010). Water quality index assessment of ground water in Todarai Singh Tehsil of Rajasthan State, India: A greener approach. E–J. Chem., 7 (SI) S428-S432 (5 pages).
Udayalaxami, G; Himabinda, D; Ramadass, G., (2010). Geochemical evaluation of ground water quality in selected areas of Hyderabad , A.P. India. Indian J. Sci. Tech. 3 (1-5): 546-553 (8 pages).
WHO (1996) Guidelines for drinking water quality Vol. II. World Health Organization. Geneva
Yisa, J.; Jimoh, T; (2010). Analytical studies on water quality index of Landzu River, Nigeria. Am. J. Appl. Sci. 7 (4): 453-458 (6 pages).
WHO, (1996). Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality Vol. II. World Health Organization. Geneva.
Article View: 1,877
PDF Download: 2,396
Letters to Editor
GJESM welcomes letters to the editor. Letters pertaining to manuscript published in GJESM should be sent to the editorial office of GJESM within three months of either online publication or before printed publication, except for critiques of original research. Following points are to be considering before sending the letters (comments) to the editor.
 Letters that include statements of statistics, facts, research, or theories should include appropriate references, although more than three are discouraged.
 Letters that are personal attacks on an author rather than thoughtful criticism of the author’s ideas will not be considered for publication.
 Letters can be no more than 300 words in length.
 Letter writers should include a statement at the beginning of the letter stating that it is being submitted either for publication or not.
 Anonymous letters will not be considered.
 Letter writers must include their city and state of residence or work.
 Letters will be edited for clarity and length.