1Department of Environmental Science, Uttaranchal College of Science and Technology, Dehradun, India
2Grass Roots Research and Creation India (P) Ltd., Noida, India
3Department of Zoology and Environmental Science, Gurukula Kangri University Haridwar, India
Although water and land pollution are very dangerous, air pollution has its own peculiarities due to its transboundary dispersion of pollutants over the entire world. In any well planned urban set up, industrial pollution takes a back seat and vehicular emissions take precedence as the major cause of urban air pollution. In the present study, Air pollution tolerance index was calculated for various plant species growing at two sites Nagal village at Sahastradhara Road and the Clock Tower (the experimental site) of Dehradun city, India. The leaf samples were collected from 7 commonly present tree species. The results showed significant effects of various air pollutants on the vegetation in terms of four biochemical parameters analysed. Four physiological and biochemical parameters, which are leaf relative water content, Ascorbic acid content, total leaf chlorophyll content and leaf extract pH were used to compute the air pollution tolerance index values. Statistically significant difference was observed between control and experimental group for Ascorbic acid, t(6)=-4.848,p=.003. Paired t test for air pollution tolerance index between the two groups showed a statistically significant difference, t (6) = -4.548, p=.004. On the basis of air pollution tolerance index values for above mentioned seven tree species, Eucalyptus globus exhibited the highest degree of tolerance at all the sites followed by Ficus religiosa > Mangifera indica > Polyalthia longifolia > Phyllanthus emblica > Citrus limon > Lantana camara.
Abida, B.; Harikrishna, S., (2010). Evaluation of some tree species to absorb air pollutants in three industrial locations of South Bengaluru, India. E- J. Chem., 7(S1): 51- 56 (6 pages).
Adamsab. M. Patel; Kousar, H.; Sirajuddin, M.H., (2011). APTI of some selected plants in Shivamogga City, South Asia.The International Conference on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, (ICASEIT 2011). 9:668-670 (3 pages).
Agbaire, P.O.; Esiefarienrhe, E., (2009). Air pollution tolerance indices (APTI) of some plants around Otorogun gas plant in Delta state, Nigeria. J. Applied Sci. Environ. Manage., 13: 11-14 (4 pages).
Allen(Jnr) L.H.; Boote, K.L.; Jones, J.W., (1987). Response of vegetation to rising carbon dioxide photosynthesis, biomass and seed yield of Soybeans, Global Biogeochem. Cy., 13: 1-44 (44 pages).
Anonymous (2008). Air pollution http// en. Wikipedia. Org/ wiki/ Air pollution, Retrieved.
Beg M.U.; Farooq, M.; Bhargava, S.K.; Kidwai, M.M.; Lal, M.M., (1990). Performance of trees around a thermal power station. Environ. Ecol., 8: 791-797 (7 pages).
Bhattacharya, T.; Kriplani, L.; Chakraborty, S., (2013). Seasonal variation in air pollution tolerance index of various plant species of Baroda City. Univer. J. Environ. Res. Tech., 3 (2): 199-208 (10 pages).
Chandawat, D.K., Verma, P.U.; Solanki, H.A., (2011). Air pollution tolerance index (APTI) of Tree Species at cross road of Ahmedabad city, Life Sci. Leaflets., 20: 935-943 (9 pages).
Chauhan A., (2010). Photosynthetic pigment changes in some selected trees induced by automobile exhaust in Dehradun,Uttarakhand. New York Sci. J., 3(2): 45-51 (7 pages).
Chouhan, A.; Iqbal, S.; Maheswari, R.S.; Bafna, A., (2012). Study of air pollution index of plants growing in Pithampur Industrial area sector 1, 2 and 3. Res. J. Recent. Sci., 1: 172-177 (6 pages).
Das, S.; Prasad P., (2010). Seasonal variation in air pollution tolerance indices and selection of plant species for industrial areas of Rourkela. IJEP, 30 (12):978-988 (11 pages).
Dwivedi, A.K.; Tripathi, B.D. (2007). Pollution tolerance and distribution pattern of plants in surrounding area of coal-fired industries. J. Environ. Biol., 28; 257-263 (7 pages).
Flowers, M.D.; Fiscus, E.L.; Burkey, K.O., (2007). Photosynthesis chlorophyll fluorescence and yield of snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L) genotype differing in sensitivity to Ozone. Environ. Exp. Botany, 61: 190-198 (9 pages).
Hoque, M.A.; Banu, M.N.A.; Okuma, E., (2007). Exogenous proline and glycinebetaine increase Naclinduced ascorbate–glutathione cycle enzymes activities, and praline improves salt tolerance more than glycinebetaine in tobacco bright yellow-2 suspension cultured cells. J. Plant Physiol., 164: 1457- 1468 (12 pages).
Joshi, N.; Chauhan, A.; Joshi, P.C., (2009). Impact of industrial air pollutants on some biochemical parameters and yield in wheat and mustard plants. Environmentalist., 29: 398-404 (7 pages).
Jyothi, J.S.; Jaya, D.S. (2010). Evaluation of air pollution tolerance index of selected plant species along roadsides in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala. J. Environ. Biol., 31: 379-386 (8 pages).
Kalyani, Y.; Singaracharya, M.A., (1995). Biomonitoring of air pollution in Warangal city, Andhra Pradesh. Acta Bot. indica., 23(1): 21-24 (4 pages).
Katiyar, V.; Dubey, P.S., (2001). Sulphur dioxide sensitivity on two stage of leaf development in a few tropical tree species. Ind. J. Environ. Toxicol., 11: 78-81 (4 pages).
Khanna, D.R.; Bhutiani, R.;Saxena, N., (2014). An approach to mathematical models as a tool for water and air quality. J. App. Natural. Sci.,6 (1): 304-314 (11 pages).
Khanna, D.R.; Nigam, N.S.; Bhutiani, R.,(2013). Monitoring of ambient air quality in relation to traffic density in Bareilly City (U.P.), India. J. App. Natural. Sci.,5(2): 497-502 (6 pages).
Klump, G.; Furlan, C.M.; Domingo, M., (2000). Response of stress indicators and growth parameters of tibouchinapulchralogn. Exposed to air and soil pollution near the industrial complex of cubatao. Brazil Sci. Total Environ., 246: 79-91 (13 pages).
Kumar, M.; Nandini, N. (2013). “Identification and Evaluation of Air Pollution Tolerance Index of Selected Avenue Tree Species of Urban Bangalore, India”, Int. J. Emerg. Technol. Comput. Appl. Sci., 13: 388-390 (3 pages).
Lakshmi, P.S.; Sravanti, K.L.; Srinivas, N., (2009). Air pollution tolerance index of various plant species growing in industrial areas. Ecoscan., 2: 203-206 (4 pages).
Liu, Y.J.; Ding, H. (2008). Variation in air pollution tolerance index of plants near a steel factory: Implication for landscape-plant species selection for industrial areas. WSEAS. Trans. Environ. Dev., 4: 24-32 (9 pages).
Mir, Q.A.; Yazdani, T.; Kumar, A.; Narain, K.; Yunus, M., (2008). Vehicular population and pigment content of certain avenue trees. Poll. Res., 27: 59-63 (5 pages).
Mishra, S.; Pandey, R.P., (2011). Effects of air pollution on plants in urban area: A case study of Ghaziabad (U.P) India, VSRD Tech. Non-Tech. J., 2(5): 262-266 (5 pages).
Rao, M.V. Dubey, P.S., (1991). Detoxifies mechanism: Probable role in determining the plant response to SO2 under different light intensities, Indian J. Enviro. Toxico., 1(1): 39-45 (7 pages).
Raza, S.H.; Murthy, M.S.R. (1988). Air pollution tolerance index of certain plants of Naacharam industrial area, Hyderabed. Indian J. Bot.,11(1): 91-95 (5 pages).
Singh A., (1977). Practical plant physiology. Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi. 266.
Singh, S.K.; Rao, D.N., (1983). Evaluation of the plants for their tolerance to air pollution. Proceedings of Symposium on air pollution control held at ITI, Delhi., 218-224 (7 pages).
Singh, S.N.; Verma, A. (2007). Phytoremediation of air pollutants: A Review. In: Environmental Bioremediation technology, Singh, S. N. and Tripathi, R.D. (Eds.). Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 293-314 (22 pages).
Singh, S.K.; Rao, D.N.; Agarwal, M.; Pande, J.; Narayan, D., (1991). Air pollution tolerance index of plants, J. Environ. Manage., 32: 45-55 (11 pages).
Sirajuddin, M. H.; M. Ravichandran; Abdul Samad M. K., (2012). Air Pollution tolerance of selected plant species considered for urban green belt development in Trichy, World J. Environ. Bioscience, 1(1): 51-54 (4 pages).
Swami, A.; Bhatt, D.; Joshi, P. C., (2004). Effects of automobile pollution on Sal (Shorea robusta) and Rohini (Mallotus phillipinensis) at Asarori, Dehradun. Himalayan J. Environ. Zool., 18(1): 57-61 (5 pages).
Article View: 1,962
PDF Download: 2,615
Letters to Editor
GJESM welcomes letters to the editor. Letters pertaining to manuscript published in GJESM should be sent to the editorial office of GJESM within three months of either online publication or before printed publication, except for critiques of original research. Following points are to be considering before sending the letters (comments) to the editor.
 Letters that include statements of statistics, facts, research, or theories should include appropriate references, although more than three are discouraged.
 Letters that are personal attacks on an author rather than thoughtful criticism of the author’s ideas will not be considered for publication.
 Letters can be no more than 300 words in length.
 Letter writers should include a statement at the beginning of the letter stating that it is being submitted either for publication or not.
 Anonymous letters will not be considered.
 Letter writers must include their city and state of residence or work.
 Letters will be edited for clarity and length.