1Department of Botany, Institute of Pure and Applied Biology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
2Department of Botany, Institute of Pure and Applied Biology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
3California Department of Food and Agriculture, 3288 Meadowview Road, Sacramento, CA 95832, USA
Dust accumulation capacity of Ficus carica L. and Psidium guajava L. was investigated from eight different sites of Multan, Pakistan. Leaves of both plants were used for analyzing biometric (leaf area, fresh and dry weights) and biochemical attributes (chlorophyll contents, carotenoids and ascorbic acid). Maximum dust accumulation was occurred in the plants growing near road sites, while, minimum dust accumulation occurred in the plants of Bahauddin Zakariya University. Most of the biometric and biochemical attributes of F. carica showed significant response towards dust but it had not significant influence on some attributes of P. guajava. Biochemical traits of P. guajava appeared to be more prone than foliage ones. A positive correlation was foundbetween dust accumulation and foliage attributes in F. carica. On the other hand,in P. guajava opposite was observed, however, the reverse was true for leaf biomass.Biochemical contents had shown an inconsistency as chlorophylls (a, b & total), carotenoid contents declined but ascorbic acid increased with an increase in dust accumulation in both species.
Anthony, P., (2001). Dust from walking tracks: Impacts on rainforest leaves and epiphylls. Cooperative Research Centre for Tropical Rainforest Ecology and Management, Australia.
Becket t , K.P. ; Freer-Smi th, P.H. ; Taylor, G. , (2000) . Particulate pollution capture by urban trees: Effect of species and wind speed, Global Change Biol., (6): 995-1003 (9 pages).
Cacciola, R.R. ; Sarva, M.; Polosa, R., (2002). Adverse respiratory effects and allergic susceptibility in relation to particulate air pollution: Flirting with disaster, Allergy, (57): 281-286 (6 pages).
Danish, S.; Qureshi, T.I.; Younis, U.; Manzoor, H.; Shakeel, A.; Ehsanulla, M., (2014). Influence of biochar on growth and photosynthetic attributes of Triticum aestivum L. under half and full irrigation, Int. J. Biosci., (5): 101-108 (8 pages).
Farmer, A.M., (1993). The effects of dusts on vegetation - A review, Environ. Pollut., (79): 63-75 (13 pages).
Farooq, M.; Arya, K.R.; Kumar, S.; Gopal, K.; Joshi, P.C.; Hans, R.K., (2000). Industrial pollutants mediated damage to mango (Mangifera Indica) crop: A case study, J. Environ. Biol., (21):165-167 (3 pages).
Freer-Smi th, P.H. ; Becket t , K.P. ; Taylor, G. , (2005). Deposition velocities to Sorbus aria, Acer campestre,
Populus deltoides x trichocarpa ‘Beaupre’, Pinus nigra and x Cupressocyparis leylandii for coarse, fine and ultra-fine particles in the urban environment, Environ. Pollut., (133): 157-167 (11 pages).
Garg, O.P.; Kapoor, V., (1972). Retardation of leaf senescence by ascorbic acid, J. Exp. Bot., (23): 699-703 (5 pages).
Gostin, I.N., (2009). Air Pollut ion Effects on the Leaf Structure of some Fabaceae Species, Not. Bot. Hort. Agrobot. Cluj., (37): 57-63 (7 pages).
Jafary, Z.A.; Faridi, I.A.; Qureshi, H.J., (2007). Effects of airborne dust on lung function of the exposed subjects, Pak. J. Physiol., (3): 30-34 (5 pages).
Joshi , N. ; Chauhan, A. ; Joshi , P.C. , (2009). Impact of industrial pollutants on some biochemical parameters and yield in wheat and mustard plants. Environmentalist, (29): 398-404 (7 pages).
Katiyar, V.; Dubey, P.S., (2000). Growth behaviour of two cultivars of maize in response to SO2 and NO2, J. Environ. Biol., (21): 317-323 (7 pages).
Keller, T.; Schwager, H., (1977). Air pollution and ascorbic acid, Eur. J. Forest Pathol., (7): 338-350 (13 pages).
Kr ik, J .T.O. ; Al len, R.L. , (1965) . Dependence of chloroplast pigment synthesis on protein synthesis: Effect of actidione, Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., (21): 523-530 (8 pages).
Mandal, M.; Mukherji, S., (2000). Changes in chlorophyII context , chlorophyllase act ivi ty, Hi ll react ion, photosynthetic CO2 uptake, sugar and starch contents in five dicotyledonous plants exposed to automobile exhaust pollution, J. Environ. Biol., (21): 37-41 (5 pages).
Manins, P.; Allan, R.; Beer, T.; Fraser, P.; Holper, P.; Suppiah, R.; Walsh, K., (2001). Atmosphere. Australia State of the Environment Rep. 2001 (Theme Rep.). CSIRO Publ., Melbourne.
Pal, A.; Kulshreshtha, K.; Ahmad, K.J.; Behl, H.M., (2002). Do leaf surface characters play a role in plant resistance to auto exhaust pollution? Flora, (197): 47-55 (9 pages).
Prajapati, S.K.; Tripathi, B.D., (2008). Seasonal variation of leaf dust accumulation and pigment ontent in plant species exposed to urban par t iculates pollut ion, J . Environ. Qual., (37): 865-870 (6 pages).
Raupach, M.R.; Woods, N.; Dorr, G.; Leys, J.F.; Cleugh, H.A., (2001). The entrapment of particles by windbreaks, Atmos. Environ., (35): 3373-3383 (11 pages).
Samal, A.K.; Santra, S.C., (2002). Air quality of Kalyani Township (Nadia, Wes t Bengal ) and i t s impact on surrounding vegetation, Ind. J. Environ. Health, (44): 71-76 (6 pages).
Seyyednejad, S.M.; Niknejad, M.; Koochak, H., (2011). A review of some different effects of air pollution on plants, Res. J. Environ. Sci., (5): 302-309 (8 pages).
Shrivastava, N.; Joshi, S., (2002). Effect of automobile air pollution on the growth of some plants at Kota, Geobios., (29): 281-282 (2 pages).
Sukumaran, D., (2012). Effect of Particulate Pollution on various Tissue Systems of Tropical Plants. Central Pollution
Control Board (CPCB), Zonal Office, Kolkata, India.
Van Jaarsveld, F., (2008). Characterizing and mapping of wind t ransported sediment associated wi th opencast gypsum mining. MS Thesis, University of Stellenbosch, South Africa.
Younis, U.; Bokhari, T.Z.; Malik, S.A.; Ahmad, S.; Raja, R., (2013). Variation in leaf dust accumulation, foliage and pigment attributes in fruiting plant species exposed to particulate matter pollution from Multan, Int. J. Agric. Sci. Res., (3): 1-12 (12 pages).
Younis, U.; Bokhari, T.Z.; Hasnain, M.; Shah, R.; Mahmood, S.; Malik, S.A., (2013). Dust interception capacity and alteration of various biometric and biochemical attributes in cultivated population of Ficus carica L, IOSR. J. Pharm. Biol. Sci. (IOSR-JPBS), (6): 35-42 (8 pages).
Article View: 2,039
PDF Download: 1,398
Letters to Editor
GJESM welcomes letters to the editor. Letters pertaining to manuscript published in GJESM should be sent to the editorial office of GJESM within three months of either online publication or before printed publication, except for critiques of original research. Following points are to be considering before sending the letters (comments) to the editor.
 Letters that include statements of statistics, facts, research, or theories should include appropriate references, although more than three are discouraged.
 Letters that are personal attacks on an author rather than thoughtful criticism of the author’s ideas will not be considered for publication.
 Letters can be no more than 300 words in length.
 Letter writers should include a statement at the beginning of the letter stating that it is being submitted either for publication or not.
 Anonymous letters will not be considered.
 Letter writers must include their city and state of residence or work.
 Letters will be edited for clarity and length.